MobileFrontend
MobileoptimisedfrontendforMediaWiki
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MobileFrontend Documentation

The MobileFrontend extension adds a mobile view to your mediawiki instance.

Installation

See https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Extension:MobileFrontend#Installation

Development

Coding conventions

Please follow the coding conventions of MobileFrontend: https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/MobileFrontend/Coding_conventions

Git hooks

Git hooks are provided in the dev-scripts directory to assist with adhering to JavaScript code standards, optimizing PNG files, etc. Running these hooks requires node.js, NPM, and grunt.

Install like so:

make installhooks

If you are not running Vagrant, be sure to set your MEDIAWIKI_URL env variable to your local index path, e.g. MEDIAWIKI_URL=http://localhost/index.php/

Committing

Commits are important as they give the reviewer more information to successfully review your code and find errors or potential problems you might not have thought of.

Commits are also useful when troubleshooting issues and refactoring. If it's not clear why a line of code is in the repository important bug fixes could be lost.

Commits should be as minor as possible. Please avoid removing unrelated console.log statements, fixing unrelated whitespace etc. do that in a separate commit which mentions the word cleanup.

First line commit should summarise the commit with bug it fixes if applicable. e.g. Fix problem with toggling see bug x.

Second line should be blank. Third line should go into detail where necessary providing links to blog posts/other bugs to provide more background. Mention the platforms/browsers the change is for where necessary, e.g.:

  • This is a problem on Android but not OSX, see http://<url></url> which explains problem in detail
  • This is a workaround for a known bug in opera mobile see http://<url></url>

Testing

Unit tests

To run the full test suite run:

make tests

To run only PHP tests:

make phpunit

To run only JS tests:

make qunit

Selenium tests

For information on how to run Selenium tests please see README file in tests/browser directory.

Releasing

A new version of MobileFrontend is released every two weeks following the Wikimedia release train if there are new changes.

MobileFrontend follows the version naming from MediaWiki.

Configuration options

$wgMFEnableXAnalyticsLogging

Whether or not to enable the use of the X-Analytics HTTP response header. This header is used for analytics purposes.

See: https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Analytics/Kraken/Data_Formats/X-Analytics

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: false

$wgMinervaAlwaysShowLanguageButton

Whether to show the language switcher button even if no languages are available for the page.

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: true

$wgMFAppPackageId

ID of the App to deep link to replacing the browser. Set false to have no such link.

See: https://developers.google.com/app-indexing/webmasters/details

  • Type: Boolean|String
  • Default: false

$wgMFAppScheme

Scheme to use for the deep link.

  • Type: String
  • Default: 'http'

$wgMFEditorOptions

Options to control several functions of the mobile editor. Possible values:

  • anonymousEditing: Whether or not anonymous (not logged in) users should be able to edit. Note this is highly experimental and comes without any warranty and may introduce bugs until anonymous editing experience is addressed in this extension. Anonymous editing on mobile is still a big unknown. See bug 53069. Thoughts welcomed on https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Mobile_wikitext_editing#Anonymous_editing
  • skipPreview: Should the mobile edit workflow contain an edit preview (before save) to give the user the possibility to review the new text resulting of his changes or not.
  • Type: Array
  • Default: ```php [ 'anonymousEditing' => true, 'skipPreview' => false, ] ```

$wgMFIgnoreEventLoggingBucketing

Disable EventLogging bucketing for purposes of development. When enabled all events are logged regardless of any existing sampling rate specified in the schema.

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: false

$wgMFExperiments

A list of experiments active on the skin.

  • Type: Array
  • Default: ```php [ // Experiment to prompts users to opt into the beta experience of the skin. 'betaoptin' => [ 'name' => 'betaoptin', 'enabled' => false, 'buckets' => [ 'control' => 0.97, 'A' => 0.03, ], ], ] ```

$wgMFEnableMinervaBetaFeature

Controls whether the "Minerva as a desktop skin" beta feature is enabled.

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: false

$wgMFEnableJSConsoleRecruitment

Controls whether a message should be logged to the console to attempt to recruit volunteers.

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: false

$wgMFIsBannerEnabled

Whether or not the banner experiment is enabled.

See: https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Reading/Features/Article_lead_image

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: true

$wgMFMobileFormatterHeadings

This is a list of html tags, that could be recognized as the first heading of a page. This is an interim solution to fix Bug T110436 and shouldn't be used, if you don't know, what you do. Moreover, this configuration variable will be removed in the near future (hopefully).

  • Type: Array
  • Default: `['h1', 'h2', 'h3', 'h4', 'h5', 'h6']`

$wgMFSpecialCaseMainPage

If set to true, main page HTML will receive special massaging.

See https://m.mediawiki.org/wiki/Mobile_Gateway/Mobile_homepage_formatting

Use is discouraged as it leads to unnecessary technical debt and on the long term the goal is to deprecate usage of this config variable. Use at your own risk!

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: false

$wgMinervaEnableSiteNotice

Controls whether site notices should be shown. See https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Manual:$wgSiteNotice.

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: false

$wgMFTidyMobileViewSections

Controls whether API action=mobileview should have every HTML section tidied for invalid markup.

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: true

$wgMFMobileHeader

Requests containing header with this name will be considered as coming from mobile devices.

  • Type: String
  • Default: 'X-Subdomain'

$wgMFRemovableClasses

Make the classes, tags and ids stripped from page content configurable. Each item will be stripped from the page.

  • Type: Array
  • Default: ```php [ // These rules will be used for all transformations in the beta channel of the site 'beta' => [], // These rules will be used for all transformations 'base' => [], ] ```

$wgMFLazyLoadImages

Do load images in pages lazily. Currently it doesn't affect HTML-only clients (only JS capable ones) and it lazy loads images when they come close to the viewport.

  • Type: Array
  • Default: ```php [ // These will enable lazy loading images in beta mode 'beta' => false, // These will enable lazy loading images in all modes 'base' => false, ] ```

$wgMFNoMobileCategory

DB key of the category which members will never display mobile view.

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: false

$wgMFNoMobilePages

Prefixed names of pages that will never display mobile view.

  • Type: Array
  • Default: []

$wgMFNearbyRange

The range in meters that should be searched to find nearby pages on Special:Nearby (defaults to 10km).

  • Type: Integer
  • Default: 10000

$wgMFNearby

Whether geodata related functionality should be enabled.

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: false

$wgMFNearbyEndpoint

An optional alternative api to query for nearby pages, e.g. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/w/api.php

If set forces nearby to operate in JSONP mode.

  • Type: String
  • Default: `''`

$wgMFSearchAPIParams

Define a set of params that should be passed in every gateway query.

$wgMinervaApplyKnownTemplateHacks

When enabled and hacks.less exists, hacks.less workarounds are included in stylesheet. These should only be needed for Wikimedia based wikis or wikis using common templates such as Template:Infobox on those wikis.

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: false

$wgMinervaUseHeaderV2

A temporary configuration variable to control display of a new header which converts the search input to an icon and shows the site logo.

The config variable currently controls whether the styles and template for new header should be invoked.

  • Type: Array
  • Default: ```php [ 'beta' => true, 'base' => false, ] ```

$wgMinervaPageActions

Controls which page actions, if any, are displayed. Allowed: edit, watch, talk, and switch-language.

  • Type: Array
  • Default: `['edit', 'talk', 'watch', 'switch-language']`

$wgMFQueryPropModules

Define a set of page props that should be associated with requests for pages via the API.

  • Type: Array
  • Default: `['pageprops']`

$wgMFRSSFeedLink

Sets RSS feed <link> being outputted or not while on mobile version.

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: false

$wgMFSearchGenerator

Define the generator that should be used for mobile search.

  • Type: Array
  • Default: ```php [ 'name' => 'prefixsearch', 'prefix' => 'ps', ] ```

$wgMFMinCachedPageSize

Pages with smaller parsed HTML size are not cached. Set to 0 to cache everything or to some large value to disable caching completely.

  • Type: Integer
  • Default: 64 * 1024

$wgMFAutodetectMobileView

Set this to true to automatically show mobile view depending on people's user-agent.

WARNING: Make sure that your caching infrastructure is configured appropriately, to avoid people receiving cached versions of pages intended for someone else's devices.

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: false

$wgMFVaryOnUA

Set this to true, if you want to send User-Agent in the Vary header. This could improve your SEO ranking.

WARNING: You should set this to true only, if you know what you're doing!

CAUTION: Setting this to true in combination with a (frontend)caching layer (such as Varnish) can have a huge impact on how your caching works, as it now caches every single page multiple times for any possible/different User Agent string!

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: false

$wgMFShowMobileViewToTablets

Controls whether tablets should be shown the mobile site. Works only if $wgMFAutodetectMobileView is true.

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: true

$wgMFDeviceWidthMobileSmall

Devices with available screen of this value and less will have some styles adapted for improved reading on small screens.

  • Type: Integer
  • Default: 280

$wgMFDeviceWidthTablet

Minimum available screen width at which a device can be considered a tablet/desktop.

  • Type: Integer
  • Default: 768

$wgMobileUrlTemplate

Template for mobile URLs.

This will be used to transcode regular URLs into mobile URLs for the mobile view.

It's possible to specify the mobileness of the URL in the host portion of the URL.

You can either statically or dynamically create the host-portion of your mobile URL. To statically create it, just set $wgMobileUrlTemplate to the static hostname. For example:

```php $wgMobileUrlTemplate = "mobile.mydomain.com"; ```

Alternatively, the host definition can include placeholders for different parts of the host section of a URL. The placeholders are denoted by h and followed with a digit that maps to the position of a host-part of the original, non-mobile URL. Take the host en.wikipedia.org for example. h0 maps to en, h1 maps to wikipedia, and h2 maps to org. So, if you wanted a mobile URL scheme that turned en.wikipedia.org into en.m.wikipedia.org, your URL template would look like:

%h0.m.%h1.%h2
  • Type: String
  • Default: `''`

$wgMobileFrontendFormatCookieExpiry

The number of seconds the useformat cookie should be valid.

The useformat cookie gets set when a user manually elects to view either the mobile or desktop view of the site.

If this value is not set, it will default to $wgCookieExpiration

  • Type: Integer|null
  • Default: null

$wgMFNoindexPages

Set to false to allow search engines to index your mobile pages. So far, Google seems to mix mobile and non-mobile pages in its search results, creating confusion.

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: true

$wgMFStopRedirectCookieHost

Set the domain of the stopMobileRedirect cookie.

If this value is not set, it will default to the top domain of the host name (e.g. en.wikipedia.org = .wikipedia.org)

If you want to set this to a top domain (to cover all subdomains), be sure to include the preceding . (e.g. yes: .wikipedia.org, no: wikipedia.org)

  • Type: String|null
  • Default: null

$wgMFCustomLogos

Make the logos configurable.

Currently, copyright, copyright-width, and copyright-height elements are supported.

  • copyright is the URL of the logo displayed in the header and footer
  • copyright-width (optional) is the width in pixels of the copyright image you want to display
  • copyright-height (optional) is the height in pixels of the copyright image you want to display
  • If the actual copyright dimensions are 200x30, then you may want to set the width and height to 100 and 15 respectively (in order to support retina screens).
  • Note that if -width and -height are not used sysadmin should ensure the image used is appropriately sized (suggested dimensions < 120px width and 18px height).

Example: ```php [ 'copyright' => '/images/mysite_copyright_logo.png', 'copyright-width' => 100, 'copyright-height' => 15, ] ```

  • Type: Array
  • Default: []

$wgMobileFrontendLogo

Path to the logo used in the login/signup form. The standard height is 72px (FIXME: Merge with $wgMFCustomLogos)

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: false

$wgMFTrademarkSitename

Whether to append a trademark notice to the sitename in the page footer.

  • If set to true or 'unregistered', adds a ™ to the sitename.
  • If set to 'registered' adds a ® to the sitename.
  • If set to false, adds nothing (the default).

Alternatively, you can also edit the mobile-frontend-footer-sitename message directly.

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: false

$wgMFEnableBeta

Whether beta mode is enabled.

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: false

$wgMFContentNamespace

The content namespace(s) that Special:Nearby and Special:Random should use. Should be one or more of NS_* constants, pipe-separated.

  • Type: Integer|String
  • Default: NS_MAIN

$wgMFDefaultSkinClass

The default skin for MobileFrontend.

$wgMinervaAlwaysShowLanguageButton

Whether to show the language switcher button even if no languages are available for the page.

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: true

$wgMFNamespacesWithoutCollapsibleSections

In which namespaces sections shoudn't be collapsed.

  • Type: Array
  • Default: ```php [ // Authorship and licensing information should be visible initially NS_FILE, // Otherwise category contents will be hidden NS_CATEGORY, // Don't collapse various forms NS_SPECIAL, // Just don't NS_MEDIA, ] ```

$wgMFCollapseSectionsByDefault

Controls whether to collapse sections by default.

Leave at default true for "encyclopedia style", where the section 0 lead text will always be visible and subsequent sections may be collapsed by default.

Set to false for "dictionary style", sections are not collapsed.

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: true

$wgMFPhotoUploadWiki

The wiki id/dbname for where photos are uploaded, if photos are uploaded to a wiki other than the local wiki (eg commonswiki).

  • Type: String|null
  • Default: null

$wgMFPhotoUploadEndpoint

An api to which any photos should be uploaded. e.g. `$wgMFPhotoUploadEndpoint = 'https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/api.php';`

  • Type: String
  • Default: Defaults to the current wiki

$wgMFUseWikibaseDescription (deprecated)

See $wgMFUseWikibase

$wgMFDisplayWikibaseDescription (deprecated)

See $wgMFDisplayWikibaseDescriptions

$wgMFDisplayWikibaseDescriptionsAsTaglines (deprecated)

See $wgMFDisplayWikibaseDescriptions

$wgMFUseWikibase

If set to true, the use Wikibase is enabled and associated features is enabled. See $wgMFDisplayWikibaseDescriptions

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: false

$wgMFDisplayWikibaseDescriptions

Set which features will use Wikibase descriptions, e.g.

```php $wgMFDisplayWikibaseDescriptions = [ 'search' => true, 'nearby' => true, 'watchlist' => false, 'tagline' => true, ]; ```

  • Type: Array
  • Default: ```php [ 'search' => false, 'nearby' => false, 'watchlist' => false, 'tagline' => false, ] ```

$wgMFStripResponsiveImages

Whether to strip srcset attributes from all images on mobile renderings. This is a sort of brute-force bandwidth optimization at the cost of making images fuzzier on most devices.

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: true

$wgMFResponsiveImageWhitelist

Whitelist of source file mime types to retain srcset attributes on when using $wgMFStripResponsiveImages. Defaults to allow rasterized SVGs since they usually are diagrams that compress well and benefit from the higher resolution.

  • Type: Array
  • Default: ```php [ "image/svg+xml", ] ```