Source code for scap.arg

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
    Helpers for creating a fancy argparser. Most of the externally useful API
    for command line arg parsing is found in scap.cli

    :Author: Tyler Cipriani <>
    :Author: Mukunda Modell <>

    :Copyright: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.
    :License: GPL v3.0

    Parts of the shell argument completion code in this file is derived from

    .. _python-selfcompletion: # noqa

    :Author: David Barnett <>
    :License: BSD

    .. seealso::
       * :func:`scap.cli.command`
       * :func:`scap.cli.argument`

    Copyright © 2014-2017 Wikimedia Foundation and Contributors.

    This file is part of Scap.

    Scap is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
    it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
    the Free Software Foundation, version 3.

    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    GNU General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
    along with this program.  If not, see <>.
from __future__ import absolute_import
from __future__ import print_function

import argparse
import inspect
import logging
import os
import re

import scap
import scap.plugins

ATTR_SUBPARSER = '_app_subparser'
ATTR_ARGUMENTS = '_app_arguments'
ATTR_SUBCOMMAND = '_app_subcmd_name'

[docs]class _ScapAutoCompleteAction(argparse.Action):
[docs] def __init__(self): super(_ScapAutoCompleteAction, self).__init__( option_strings=['--_completion'], dest='_completion', metavar='CMD_LINE', default=argparse.SUPPRESS, nargs=None, type=str, help=argparse.SUPPRESS)
[docs] def __call__(self, parser, namespace, values, option_string=None): comp_words = re.split(r'\s+', values.lstrip()) wordcount = 0 for valid_word in parser.get_valid_next_words(comp_words): print(valid_word) wordcount += 1 if wordcount > 0: parser.exit(0) else: parser.exit(2)
[docs]def is_dir(string): ''' represents a cli argument which accepts only a valid directory name ''' if not os.path.isdir(string): message = "Argument '%s' is not a valid directory path." raise argparse.ArgumentTypeError(message % string) return os.path.normpath(string)
[docs]def is_version(string): ''' represents a cli argument which accepts a mediawiki branch version ''' if string.startswith('php-'): string = string[4:] return string.strip('/')
[docs]class ScapArgParser(argparse.ArgumentParser): """Scap argparse subclass Created to allow for easier, scripted, autocompletion """
[docs] def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs): self._autocomplete_options = [] if 'conflict_handler' not in kwargs: kwargs['conflict_handler'] = 'resolve' super(ScapArgParser, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs) if '_COMPLETION' in os.environ: self._add_action(_ScapAutoCompleteAction())
def add_arguments(self, local_args): for argspec in reversed(local_args): flags = argspec.pop('_flags') self.add_argument(*flags, **argspec) argspec['_flags'] = flags
[docs] def get_valid_next_words(self, words, more_valid_words=None): """ get completion words for cli auto-complete """ if len(words) < 1: words.append('') valid_words = set() if more_valid_words: valid_words.update(more_valid_words) types = [] word_is_optarg = False positionals_valid = True i = -1 for word in words: i += 1 if word in self._option_string_actions: # handle args which come after an --option action = self._option_string_actions[word] action_nargs = (1 if action.nargs is None else action.nargs) if action_nargs == 1 and action.choices: valid_words = set() valid_words.update([c + ' ' for c in action.choices]) if action_nargs == i + 1: word_is_optarg = True types.append(action.type) break if i == 0 and action.nargs == '?': positionals_valid = False types.append(action.type) if action.choices: valid_words.update([c + ' ' for c in action.choices]) break if not word_is_optarg: if '--' not in words[:-1]: for act in self._actions: valid_words.update([o + ' ' for o in act.option_strings]) if positionals_valid: positionals = self._get_positional_actions() for action in positionals: if action.default == '==SUPPRESS==': continue choices = action.choices if hasattr(action, 'add_parser'): # recurse into subparsers subwords = [] subwords.extend(words) for word in words: subwords = subwords[1:] if word in choices: subparser = choices[word] valid_words = {w for w in valid_words if w.startswith('-')} return subparser.get_valid_next_words( subwords, valid_words) last = None for word in reversed(words): if word and not word.startswith('-'): last = word break if last in choices: return choices[last].get_valid_next_words(words) if action.type is not None: types.append(action.type) if choices: valid_words.update([c + ' ' for c in choices]) elif isinstance(action.default, str): valid_words.add("'%s'" % action.default) elif isinstance(action.default, list): for item in action.default: valid_words.add("'%s'" % item) if action.nargs in (None, 1): break if int in types: if re.match(r'\d*$', words[-1]): valid_words.update(['%s%d' % (words[-1], j) for j in range(10)]) for word in words: valid_words.discard(word.strip()) if is_dir in types: valid_words.add('__dirs__') if is_version in types: valid_words.add('__versions__') for arg_type in types: cls = type(arg_type) if arg_type is argparse.FileType or cls is argparse.FileType: valid_words.add('__files__') if words[-1].strip(): valid_words = {w for w in valid_words if w.startswith(words[-1])} valid_words.discard('--_completion ') valid_words.discard('-') return valid_words
[docs]class ScapHelpFormatter(argparse.HelpFormatter): """Formatter that respects argparse.SUPPRESS for subparser actions.""" def _format_action(self, action): if != argparse.SUPPRESS: return super(ScapHelpFormatter, self)._format_action(action)
[docs]def build_parser(): """Build an argument parser for all ``cli.Application``'s.""" parser = ScapArgParser(formatter_class=ScapHelpFormatter) global_parser = get_global_parser() desc = 'Available scap commands are listed below. \ For help with a particular command, run `scap <command> -h`' subparsers = parser.add_subparsers( title='scap commands', metavar='<command>', parser_class=ScapArgParser, description=desc) cmds = scap.cli.all_commands() for cmd in sorted(cmds.values(), key=lambda x: x['name']): build_subparser(cmd, subparsers, global_parser) return parser
[docs]def get_global_parser(): """ Add standard arguments to argparser. These arguments should be present on all subparsers. The other option with these commands would be to make them into top-level flags for scap; however, that ends up feeling clunky with commands like: scap --verbose sync Or scap -e beta deploy --repo mockbase/deploy """ parser = ScapArgParser(formatter_class=ScapHelpFormatter, add_help=False) # global args are grouped into a separate help section title = 'global arguments' desc = "Although these arguments can be passed to all scap (sub-)commands,\ \nnot all commands are affected by every global argument." group = parser.add_argument_group(title, desc) default_loglevel = os.getenv('SCAP_LOG_LEVEL', logging.INFO) group.add_argument( '-c', '--conf', dest='conf_file', type=argparse.FileType('r'), help='Path to configuration file') group.add_argument( '--no-shared-authsock', dest='shared_authsock', action='store_false', help='Ignore any shared ssh-auth configuration') group.add_argument( '-D', '--define', dest='defines', action='append', type=lambda v: tuple(v.split(':')), help='Set a configuration value', metavar='<name>:<value>') group.add_argument( '-v', '--verbose', action='store_const', const=logging.DEBUG, default=default_loglevel, dest='loglevel', help='Verbose output') group.add_argument( '-e', '--environment', default=None, help='environment in which to execute scap') group.add_argument( '--no-log-message', action='store_true', help='Do not log messages to the public (IRC)') return parser
[docs]def extract_help_from_object(obj): """Extract help information from the object's docblock""" doc = inspect.getdoc(obj) or "" lines = doc.strip().splitlines() if len(lines) > 1: return dict(help=lines[0], description=lines[0], epilog="\n".join(lines[1::]).strip(), formatter_class=argparse.RawDescriptionHelpFormatter) return dict(help=doc, description=doc, epilog=None, formatter_class=argparse.HelpFormatter)
[docs]def build_subparser(cmd, parser, global_parser): """ Append subparsers to ``cli.Application``'s argparser using decorators. """ cls = cmd['cls'] kwargs = extract_help_from_object(cls) kwargs.update(cmd['kwargs']) has_subparsers = getattr(cls, ATTR_SUBPARSER, False) kwargs['parents'] = [global_parser] sub = parser.add_parser(*cmd['args'], **kwargs) sub.set_defaults(which=cls, command=cmd['name']) if has_subparsers: class_level_args = getattr(cls, ATTR_ARGUMENTS, []) if class_level_args: class_parser = ScapArgParser(formatter_class=ScapHelpFormatter) class_parser.add_arguments(class_level_args) kwargs['parents'] = [class_parser, global_parser] else: kwargs['parents'] = [global_parser] kwargs['epilog'] = '' subsubparsers = sub.add_subparsers( title="%s sub-commands" % cmd['name'], metavar='<sub-command>', parser_class=ScapArgParser, dest='subcommand', description=kwargs['help']) cls_methods = inspect.getmembers(cls, inspect.ismethod) for method_name, method in cls_methods: local_args = getattr(method, ATTR_ARGUMENTS, None) subcmd_name = getattr(method, ATTR_SUBCOMMAND, method_name) if local_args is not None: kwargs.update(extract_help_from_object(method)) kwargs['add_help'] = False subsubparser = subsubparsers.add_parser(subcmd_name, **kwargs) subsubparser.set_defaults(subcommand=method) if local_args: subsubparser.add_arguments(local_args) else: method = getattr(cls, 'main') local_args = getattr(method, ATTR_ARGUMENTS, []) sub.add_arguments(local_args)