Source code for pywikibot.textlib

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
Functions for manipulating wiki-text.

Unless otherwise noted, all functions take a unicode string as the argument
and return a unicode string.

# (C) Pywikibot team, 2008-2020
# Distributed under the terms of the MIT license.
import datetime
import re

from import Sequence
from collections import OrderedDict, namedtuple
from html.parser import HTMLParser

import pywikibot
from pywikibot.exceptions import InvalidTitle, SiteDefinitionError
from import Family
from import (

    import mwparserfromhell
except ImportError as e:
    mwparserfromhell = e

# cache for replaceExcept to avoid recompile or regexes each call
_regex_cache = {}

# This regex is only for use by extract_templates_and_params_regex.
# It does not support template variables consisting of nested templates,
# system variables like {{CURRENTYEAR}}, or template variables like {{{1}}}.
_ETP_REGEX = re.compile(

# This template is a more inclusive template matching algorithm
# that allows system variables, but does not match nested templates.
# It exists for backwards compatibility to the old 'TEMP_REGEX'
# which was the _ETP_REGEX.
TEMP_REGEX = DeprecatedRegex(
            (?:(?:{}|{{[A-Z]+(?:\:[^}])?}}|{{{[^}]+}}}) [^{]*)*
    """, re.VERBOSE, 'textlib.TEMP_REGEX', 'textlib.NESTED_TEMPLATE_REGEX',

# The regex below collects nested templates, providing simpler
# identification of templates used at the top-level of wikitext.
# It doesn't match {{{1|...}}}, however it also does not match templates
# with a numerical name. e.g. {{1|..}}. It will correctly match {{{x}} as
# being {{x}} with leading '{' left in the wikitext.
# Prefix msg: is not included in the 'name' group, but all others are
# included for backwards compatibility with TEMP_REGEX.
# Only parser functions using # are excluded.
# When more than two levels of templates are found, this regex will
# capture from the beginning of the first {{ to the end of the last }},
# with wikitext between templates as part of the parameters of the first
# template in the wikitext.
# This ensures it fallsback to a safe mode for replaceExcept, as it
# ensures that any replacement will not occur within template text.
NESTED_TEMPLATE_REGEX = re.compile(r"""
  (?:\|(?P<params> [^{]*?
          ) [^{]*?
(?P<unhandled_depth>{{\s*[^{\|#0-9][^{\|#]*?\s* [^{]* {{ .* }})
""", re.VERBOSE | re.DOTALL)

# The following regex supports wikilinks anywhere after the first pipe
# and correctly matches the end of the file link if the wikilink contains
# [[ or ]].
# The namespace names must be substituted into this regex.
# e.g. FILE_LINK_REGEX % 'File' or FILE_LINK_REGEX % '|'.join(site.namespaces)
    (?:%s)  # namespace aliases

    'ckb': '٠١٢٣٤٥٦٧٨٩',
    'fa': '۰۱۲۳۴۵۶۷۸۹',
    'hi': '०१२३४५६७८९',
    'km': '០១២៣៤៥៦៧៨៩',
    'kn': '೦೧೨೩೪೫೬೭೮೯',
    'bn': '০১২৩৪৫৬৭৮৯',
    'gu': '૦૧૨૩૪૫૬૭૮૯',
    'or': '୦୧୨୩୪୫୬୭୮୯',

# Used in TimeStripper. When a timestamp-like line has longer gaps
# than this between year, month, etc in it, then the line will not be
# considered to contain a timestamp.

[docs]def to_local_digits(phrase, lang): """ Change Latin digits based on language to localized version. Be aware that this function only works for several languages, and that it returns an unchanged string if an unsupported language is given. @param phrase: The phrase to convert to localized numerical @param lang: language code @return: The localized version @rtype: str """ digits = NON_LATIN_DIGITS.get(lang) if not digits: return phrase phrase = '%s' % phrase for i in range(10): phrase = phrase.replace(str(i), digits[i]) return phrase
[docs]def unescape(s): """Replace escaped HTML-special characters by their originals.""" if '&' not in s: return s s = s.replace('&lt;', '<') s = s.replace('&gt;', '>') s = s.replace('&apos;', "'") s = s.replace('&quot;', '"') s = s.replace('&amp;', '&') # Must be last return s
class _MultiTemplateMatchBuilder(object): """Build template matcher.""" def __init__(self, site): """Initializer.""" = site def pattern(self, template, flags=re.DOTALL): """Return a compiled regex to match template.""" # TODO: add ability to also match contents within the template # TODO: add option for template to be None to match any template # TODO: use NESTED_TEMPLATE_REGEX with <parameters> instead of <params> namespace =[10] if isinstance(template, pywikibot.Page): if template.namespace() == 10: old = template.title(with_ns=False) else: raise ValueError( '{0} is not a template Page object'.format(template)) elif isinstance(template, str): old = template else: raise ValueError( '{0!r} is not a valid template'.format(template)) if == 'first-letter': pattern = '[{}{}]{}'.format(re.escape(old[0].upper()), re.escape(old[0].lower()), re.escape(old[1:])) else: pattern = re.escape(old) # namespaces may be any mixed case namespaces = [_ignore_case(ns) for ns in namespace] namespaces.append(_ignore_case('msg')) pattern = re.sub(r'_|\\ ', r'[_ ]', pattern) templateRegex = re.compile( r'\{\{ *(%(namespace)s:)?%(pattern)s(?P<parameters>\s*\|.+?|) *}}' % {'namespace': ':|'.join(namespaces), 'pattern': pattern}, flags) return templateRegex def search_any_predicate(self, templates): """Return a predicate that matches any template.""" predicates = [self.pattern(template).search for template in templates] return lambda text: any(predicate(text) for predicate in predicates) def _ignore_case(string): """Return a case-insensitive pattern for the string.""" return ''.join( '[' + c + s + ']' if c != s else c for s, c in zip(string, string.swapcase())) def _tag_pattern(tag_name): """Return a tag pattern for the given tag name.""" return ( r'<{0}(?:>|\s+[^>]*(?<!/)>)' # start tag r'[\s\S]*?' # contents r'</{0}\s*>' # end tag .format(_ignore_case(tag_name))) def _tag_regex(tag_name): """Return a compiled tag regex for the given tag name.""" return re.compile(_tag_pattern(tag_name)) def _create_default_regexes(): """Fill (and possibly overwrite) _regex_cache with default regexes.""" _regex_cache.update({ # categories 'category': (r'\[\[ *(?:%s)\s*:.*?\]\]', lambda site: '|'.join(site.namespaces[14])), 'comment': re.compile(r'<!--[\s\S]*?-->'), # files 'file': (FILE_LINK_REGEX, lambda site: '|'.join(site.namespaces[6])), # section headers 'header': re.compile( r'(?:(?<=\n)|\A)(?:<!--[\s\S]*?-->)*' r'=(?:[^\n]|<!--[\s\S]*?-->)+=' r' *(?:<!--[\s\S]*?--> *)*(?=\n|\Z)'), # external links 'hyperlink': compileLinkR(), # also finds links to foreign sites with preleading ":" 'interwiki': ( r'\[\[:?(%s)\s?:[^\]]*\]\]\s*', lambda site: '|'.join( _ignore_case(i) for i in site.validLanguageLinks() + list(, # Module invocations (currently only Lua) 'invoke': ( r'\{\{\s*\#(?:%s):[\s\S]*?\}\}', lambda site: '|'.join( _ignore_case(mw) for mw in site.getmagicwords('invoke'))), # this matches internal wikilinks, but also interwiki, categories, and # images. 'link': re.compile(r'\[\[[^\]|]*(\|[^\]]*)?\]\]'), # pagelist tag (used in Proofread extension). 'pagelist': re.compile(r'<%s[\s\S]*?/>' % _ignore_case('pagelist')), # Wikibase property inclusions 'property': ( r'\{\{\s*\#(?:%s):\s*[Pp]\d+.*?\}\}', lambda site: '|'.join( _ignore_case(mw) for mw in site.getmagicwords('property'))), # lines that start with a colon or more will be indented 'startcolon': re.compile(r'(?:(?<=\n)|\A):(.*?)(?=\n|\Z)'), # lines that start with a space are shown in a monospace font and # have whitespace preserved. 'startspace': re.compile(r'(?:(?<=\n)|\A) (.*?)(?=\n|\Z)'), # tables often have whitespace that is used to improve wiki # source code readability. # TODO: handle nested tables. 'table': re.compile( r'(?:(?<=\n)|\A){\|[\S\s]*?\n\|}|%s' % _tag_pattern('table')), 'template': NESTED_TEMPLATE_REGEX, }) def _get_regexes(keys, site): """Fetch compiled regexes.""" if not _regex_cache: _create_default_regexes() result = [] for exc in keys: if isinstance(exc, str): # assume the string is a reference to a standard regex above, # which may not yet have a site specific re compiled. if exc in _regex_cache: if isinstance(_regex_cache[exc], tuple): if not site and exc in ('interwiki', 'property', 'invoke', 'category', 'file'): issue_deprecation_warning( 'site=None', "a valid site for '{}' regex".format(exc), since='20151006') site = pywikibot.Site() if (exc, site) not in _regex_cache: re_text, re_var = _regex_cache[exc] _regex_cache[(exc, site)] = re.compile( re_text % re_var(site), re.VERBOSE) result.append(_regex_cache[(exc, site)]) else: result.append(_regex_cache[exc]) else: # nowiki, noinclude, includeonly, timeline, math and other # extensions _regex_cache[exc] = _tag_regex(exc) result.append(_regex_cache[exc]) # handle alias if exc == 'source': result.append(_tag_regex('syntaxhighlight')) else: # assume it's a regular expression result.append(exc) return result
[docs]def replaceExcept(text, old, new, exceptions, caseInsensitive=False, allowoverlap=False, marker='', site=None, count=0): """ Return text with 'old' replaced by 'new', ignoring specified types of text. Skips occurrences of 'old' within exceptions; e.g., within nowiki tags or HTML comments. If caseInsensitive is true, then use case insensitive regex matching. If allowoverlap is true, overlapping occurrences are all replaced (watch out when using this, it might lead to infinite loops!). @type text: str @param old: a compiled or uncompiled regular expression @param new: a unicode string (which can contain regular expression references), or a function which takes a match object as parameter. See parameter repl of re.sub(). @param exceptions: a list of strings which signal what to leave out, e.g. ['math', 'table', 'template'] @type caseInsensitive: bool @param marker: a string that will be added to the last replacement; if nothing is changed, it is added at the end @param count: how many replacements to do at most. See parameter count of re.sub(). @type count: int """ # if we got a string, compile it as a regular expression if isinstance(old, str): old = re.compile(old, flags=re.IGNORECASE if caseInsensitive else 0) # early termination if not relevant if not return text + marker dontTouchRegexes = _get_regexes(exceptions, site) index = 0 replaced = 0 markerpos = len(text) while not count or replaced < count: if index > len(text): break match =, index) if not match: # nothing left to replace break # check which exception will occur next. nextExceptionMatch = None for dontTouchR in dontTouchRegexes: excMatch =, index) if excMatch and ( nextExceptionMatch is None or excMatch.start() < nextExceptionMatch.start()): nextExceptionMatch = excMatch if nextExceptionMatch is not None \ and nextExceptionMatch.start() <= match.start(): # an HTML comment or text in nowiki tags stands before the next # valid match. Skip. index = nextExceptionMatch.end() else: # We found a valid match. Replace it. if callable(new): # the parameter new can be a function which takes the match # as a parameter. replacement = new(match) else: # it is not a function, but a string. # it is a little hack to make \n work. It would be better # to fix it previously, but better than nothing. new = new.replace('\\n', '\n') # We cannot just insert the new string, as it may contain regex # group references such as \2 or \g<name>. # On the other hand, this approach does not work because it # can't handle lookahead or lookbehind (see bug T123185). # So we have to process the group references manually. replacement = '' group_regex = re.compile(r'\\(\d+)|\\g<(.+?)>') last = 0 for group_match in group_regex.finditer(new): group_id = or try: group_id = int(group_id) except ValueError: pass try: replacement += new[last:group_match.start()] replacement += or '' except IndexError: raise IndexError('Invalid group reference: {}\n' 'Groups found: {}' .format(group_id, match.groups())) last = group_match.end() replacement += new[last:] text = text[:match.start()] + replacement + text[match.end():] # continue the search on the remaining text if allowoverlap: index = match.start() + 1 else: index = match.start() + len(replacement) if not # When the regex allows to match nothing, shift by one char index += 1 markerpos = match.start() + len(replacement) replaced += 1 text = text[:markerpos] + marker + text[markerpos:] return text
[docs]def removeDisabledParts(text, tags=None, include=[], site=None): """ Return text without portions where wiki markup is disabled. Parts that will be removed by default are * HTML comments * nowiki tags * pre tags * includeonly tags * source and syntaxhighlight tags @param tags: The exact set of parts which should be removed using keywords from textlib._get_regexes(). @type tags: list, set, tuple or None @param include: Or, in alternative, default parts that shall not be removed. @type include: list, set or tuple @param site: Site to be used for site-dependent regexes. Default disabled parts listed above do not need it. @type site: pywikibot.Site @return: text stripped from disabled parts. @rtype: str """ if not tags: tags = ('comment', 'includeonly', 'nowiki', 'pre', 'source') tags = set(tags) - set(include) regexes = _get_regexes(tags, site) toRemoveR = re.compile('|'.join(x.pattern for x in regexes), re.IGNORECASE | re.DOTALL) return toRemoveR.sub('', text)
[docs]def removeHTMLParts(text, keeptags=['tt', 'nowiki', 'small', 'sup']): """ Return text without portions where HTML markup is disabled. Parts that can/will be removed are -- * HTML and all wiki tags The exact set of parts which should NOT be removed can be passed as the 'keeptags' parameter, which defaults to ['tt', 'nowiki', 'small', 'sup']. """ # try to merge with 'removeDisabledParts()' above into one generic function # thanks to: # parser = _GetDataHTML() with parser: parser.keeptags = keeptags parser.feed(text) return parser.textdata
# thanks to class _GetDataHTML(HTMLParser): """HTML parser which removes html tags except they are listed in keeptags. This class is also a context manager which closes itself at exit time. """ textdata = '' keeptags = [] def __enter__(self): pass def __exit__(self, *exc_info): self.close() def handle_data(self, data): """Add data to text.""" self.textdata += data def handle_starttag(self, tag, attrs): """Add start tag to text if tag should be kept.""" if tag in self.keeptags: self.textdata += '<{}>'.format(tag) def handle_endtag(self, tag): """Add end tag to text if tag should be kept.""" if tag in self.keeptags: self.textdata += '</{}>'.format(tag)
[docs]def isDisabled(text, index, tags=None): """ Return True if text[index] is disabled, e.g. by a comment or nowiki tags. For the tags parameter, see L{removeDisabledParts}. """ # Find a marker that is not already in the text. marker = findmarker(text) text = text[:index] + marker + text[index:] text = removeDisabledParts(text, tags) return (marker not in text)
[docs]def findmarker(text, startwith='@@', append=None): """Find a string which is not part of text.""" if not append: append = '@' mymarker = startwith while mymarker in text: mymarker += append return mymarker
[docs]def expandmarker(text, marker='', separator=''): """ Return a marker expanded whitespace and the separator. It searches for the first occurrence of the marker and gets the combination of the separator and whitespace directly before it. @param text: the text which will be searched. @type text: str @param marker: the marker to be searched. @type marker: str @param separator: the separator string allowed before the marker. If empty it won't include whitespace too. @type separator: str @return: the marker with the separator and whitespace from the text in front of it. It'll be just the marker if the separator is empty. @rtype: str """ # set to remove any number of separator occurrences plus arbitrary # whitespace before, after, and between them, # by allowing to include them into marker. if separator: firstinmarker = text.find(marker) firstinseparator = firstinmarker lenseparator = len(separator) striploopcontinue = True while firstinseparator > 0 and striploopcontinue: striploopcontinue = False if (firstinseparator >= lenseparator and separator == text[firstinseparator - lenseparator:firstinseparator]): firstinseparator -= lenseparator striploopcontinue = True elif text[firstinseparator - 1] < ' ': firstinseparator -= 1 striploopcontinue = True marker = text[firstinseparator:firstinmarker] + marker return marker
# ------------------------------- # Functions dealing with sections # ------------------------------- _Heading = namedtuple('_Heading', ('text', 'start', 'end')) _Section = namedtuple('_Section', ('title', 'content')) def _extract_headings(text, site): """Return _Heading objects.""" headings = [] heading_regex = _get_regexes(['header'], site)[0] for match in heading_regex.finditer(text): start, end = match.span() if not isDisabled(text, start) and not isDisabled(text, end): headings.append(_Heading(, start, end)) return headings def _extract_sections(text, headings): """Return _Section objects.""" if headings: # Assign them their contents contents = [] for i, heading in enumerate(headings): try: next_heading = headings[i + 1] except IndexError: contents.append(text[heading.end:]) else: contents.append(text[heading.end:next_heading.start]) return [_Section(heading.text, content) for heading, content in zip(headings, contents)] return []
[docs]def extract_sections(text, site=None): """ Return section headings and contents found in text. @return: The returned tuple contains the text parsed into three parts: The first part is a string containing header part above the first heading. The last part is also a string containing footer part after the last section. The middle part is a list of tuples, each tuple containing a string with section heading and a string with section content. Example article:: '''A''' is a thing. == History of A == Some history... == Usage of A == Some usage... [[Category:Things starting with A]] parsed into the following tuple:: (header, body, footer) header = "'''A''' is a thing." body = [('== History of A ==', 'Some history...'), ('== Usage of A ==', 'Some usage...')] footer = '[[Category:Things starting with A]]' @rtype: tuple of (str, list of tuples, str) """ headings = _extract_headings(text, site) sections = _extract_sections(text, headings) # Find header and footer contents header = text[:headings[0].start] if headings else text cat_regex, interwiki_regex = _get_regexes(('category', 'interwiki'), site) langlink_pattern = interwiki_regex.pattern.replace(':?', '') last_section_content = sections[-1].content if sections else header footer = r'(%s)*\Z' % r'|'.join((langlink_pattern, cat_regex.pattern, r'\s')), last_section_content).group().lstrip() if footer: if sections: sections[-1] = _Section( sections[-1].title, last_section_content[:-len(footer)]) else: header = header[:-len(footer)] return header, sections, footer
# ----------------------------------------------- # Functions dealing with interwiki language links # ----------------------------------------------- # Note - MediaWiki supports several kinds of interwiki links; two kinds are # inter-language links. We deal here with those kinds only. # A family has by definition only one kind of inter-language links: # 1 - inter-language links inside the own family. # They go to a corresponding page in another language in the same # family, such as from 'en.wikipedia' to 'pt.wikipedia', or from # 'es.wiktionary' to 'arz.wiktionary'. # Families with this kind have several language-specific sites. # They have their interwiki_forward attribute set to None # 2 - language links forwarding to another family. # They go to a corresponding page in another family, such as from # 'commons' to 'zh.wikipedia, or from 'incubator' to 'en.wikipedia'. # Families having those have one member only, and do not have # language-specific sites. The name of the target family of their # inter-language links is kept in their interwiki_forward attribute. # These functions only deal with links of these two kinds only. They # do not find or change links of other kinds, nor any that are formatted # as in-line interwiki links (e.g., "[[:es:Articulo]]".
[docs]def removeLanguageLinksAndSeparator(text, site=None, marker='', separator=''): """ Return text with inter-language links and preceding separators removed. If a link to an unknown language is encountered, a warning is printed. @param text: The text that needs to be modified. @type text: str @param site: The site that the text is coming from. @type site: pywikibot.Site @param marker: If defined, marker is placed after the last language link, or at the end of text if there are no language links. @type marker: str @param separator: The separator string that will be removed if followed by the language links. @type separator: str @return: The modified text @rtype: str """ if separator: mymarker = findmarker(text, '@L@') newtext = removeLanguageLinks(text, site, mymarker) mymarker = expandmarker(newtext, mymarker, separator) return newtext.replace(mymarker, marker) else: return removeLanguageLinks(text, site, marker)
[docs]def interwikiFormat(links, insite=None): """Convert interwiki link dict into a wikitext string. @param links: interwiki links to be formatted @type links: dict with the Site objects as keys, and Page or Link objects as values. @param insite: site the interwiki links will be formatted for (defaulting to the current site). @type insite: BaseSite @return: string including wiki links formatted for inclusion in insite @rtype: str """ if insite is None: insite = pywikibot.Site() if not links: return '' ar = interwikiSort(list(links.keys()), insite) s = [] for site in ar: if isinstance(links[site], pywikibot.Link): links[site] = pywikibot.Page(links[site]) if isinstance(links[site], pywikibot.Page): title = links[site].title(as_link=True, force_interwiki=True, insite=insite) link = title.replace('[[:', '[[') s.append(link) else: raise ValueError('links dict must contain Page or Link objects') if insite.code in sep = ' ' else: sep = '\n' return sep.join(s) + '\n'
[docs]def interwikiSort(sites, insite=None): """Sort sites according to local interwiki sort logic.""" if not sites: return [] if insite is None: insite = pywikibot.Site() sites.sort() putfirst = insite.interwiki_putfirst() if putfirst: # In this case I might have to change the order firstsites = [] validlanglinks = insite.validLanguageLinks() for code in putfirst: if code in validlanglinks: site = insite.getSite(code=code) if site in sites: del sites[sites.index(site)] firstsites = firstsites + [site] sites = firstsites + sites return sites
# ------------------------------------- # Functions dealing with category links # -------------------------------------
[docs]def removeCategoryLinksAndSeparator(text, site=None, marker='', separator=''): """ Return text with category links and preceding separators removed. @param text: The text that needs to be modified. @type text: str @param site: The site that the text is coming from. @type site: pywikibot.Site @param marker: If defined, marker is placed after the last category link, or at the end of text if there are no category links. @type marker: str @param separator: The separator string that will be removed if followed by the category links. @type separator: str @return: The modified text @rtype: str """ if site is None: site = pywikibot.Site() if separator: mymarker = findmarker(text, '@C@') newtext = removeCategoryLinks(text, site, mymarker) mymarker = expandmarker(newtext, mymarker, separator) return newtext.replace(mymarker, marker) else: return removeCategoryLinks(text, site, marker)
[docs]def replaceCategoryInPlace(oldtext, oldcat, newcat, site=None, add_only=False): """ Replace old category with new one and return the modified text. @param oldtext: Content of the old category @param oldcat: pywikibot.Category object of the old category @param newcat: pywikibot.Category object of the new category @param add_only: If add_only is True, the old category won't be replaced and the category given will be added after it. @return: the modified text @rtype: str """ if site is None: site = pywikibot.Site() catNamespace = '|'.join(site.namespaces.CATEGORY) title = oldcat.title(with_ns=False) if not title: return # title might contain regex special characters title = re.escape(title) # title might not be capitalized correctly on the wiki if title[0].isalpha() and site.namespaces[14].case == 'first-letter': title = '[%s%s]' % (title[0].upper(), title[0].lower()) + title[1:] # spaces and underscores in page titles are interchangeable and collapsible title = title.replace(r'\ ', '[ _]+').replace(r'\_', '[ _]+') categoryR = re.compile(r'\[\[\s*(%s)\s*:\s*%s[\s\u200e\u200f]*' r'((?:\|[^]]+)?\]\])' % (catNamespace, title), re.I) categoryRN = re.compile( r'^[^\S\n]*\[\[\s*(%s)\s*:\s*%s[\s\u200e\u200f]*' r'((?:\|[^]]+)?\]\])[^\S\n]*\n' % (catNamespace, title), re.I | re.M) exceptions = ['nowiki', 'comment', 'math', 'pre', 'source'] if newcat is None: # First go through and try the more restrictive regex that removes # an entire line, if the category is the only thing on that line (this # prevents blank lines left over in category lists following a removal) text = replaceExcept(oldtext, categoryRN, '', exceptions, site=site) text = replaceExcept(text, categoryR, '', exceptions, site=site) elif add_only: text = replaceExcept( oldtext, categoryR, '{0}\n{1}'.format( oldcat.title(as_link=True, allow_interwiki=False), newcat.title(as_link=True, allow_interwiki=False)), exceptions, site=site) else: text = replaceExcept(oldtext, categoryR, '[[{0}:{1}\\2' .format(site.namespace(14), newcat.title(with_ns=False)), exceptions, site=site) return text
[docs]def categoryFormat(categories, insite=None): """Return a string containing links to all categories in a list. @param categories: A list of Category or Page objects or strings which can be either the raw name, [[Category:..]] or [[cat_localised_ns:...]]. @type categories: iterable @param insite: Used to to localise the category namespace. @type insite: pywikibot.Site @return: String of categories @rtype: str """ if not categories: return '' if insite is None: insite = pywikibot.Site() catLinks = [] for category in categories: if isinstance(category, str): category, separator, sortKey = category.strip('[]').partition('|') sortKey = sortKey if separator else None # whole word if no ":" is present prefix = category.split(':', 1)[0] if prefix not in insite.namespaces[14]: category = '{0}:{1}'.format(insite.namespace(14), category) category = pywikibot.Category(pywikibot.Link(category, insite, default_namespace=14), sort_key=sortKey) # Make sure a category is casted from Page to Category. elif not isinstance(category, pywikibot.Category): category = pywikibot.Category(category) link = category.aslink() catLinks.append(link) if insite.category_on_one_line(): sep = ' ' else: sep = '\n' # Some people don't like the categories sorted # catLinks.sort() return sep.join(catLinks) + '\n'
# ------------------------------------- # Functions dealing with external links # -------------------------------------
[docs]def compileLinkR(withoutBracketed=False, onlyBracketed=False): """Return a regex that matches external links.""" # RFC 2396 says that URLs may only contain certain characters. # For this regex we also accept non-allowed characters, so that the bot # will later show these links as broken ('Non-ASCII Characters in URL'). # Note: While allowing dots inside URLs, MediaWiki will regard # dots at the end of the URL as not part of that URL. # The same applies to comma, colon and some other characters. notAtEnd = r'\]\s\.:;,<>"\|\)' # So characters inside the URL can be anything except whitespace, # closing squared brackets, quotation marks, greater than and less # than, and the last character also can't be parenthesis or another # character disallowed by MediaWiki. notInside = r'\]\s<>"' # The first half of this regular expression is required because '' is # not allowed inside links. For example, in this wiki text: # ''Please see'' # .'' shouldn't be considered as part of the link. regex = r'(?P<url>http[s]?://[^%(notInside)s]*?[^%(notAtEnd)s]' \ r'(?=[%(notAtEnd)s]*\'\')|http[s]?://[^%(notInside)s]*' \ r'[^%(notAtEnd)s])' % {'notInside': notInside, 'notAtEnd': notAtEnd} if withoutBracketed: regex = r'(?<!\[)' + regex elif onlyBracketed: regex = r'\[' + regex linkR = re.compile(regex) return linkR
# -------------------------------- # Functions dealing with templates # --------------------------------
[docs]def extract_templates_and_params(text, remove_disabled_parts=None, strip=None): """Return a list of templates found in text. Return value is a list of tuples. There is one tuple for each use of a template in the page, with the template title as the first entry and a dict of parameters as the second entry. Parameters are indexed by strings; as in MediaWiki, an unnamed parameter is given a parameter name with an integer value corresponding to its position among the unnamed parameters, and if this results multiple parameters with the same name only the last value provided will be returned. This uses the package L{mwparserfromhell} (mwpfh) if it is installed. Otherwise it falls back on a regex based implementation. There are minor differences between the two implementations. The two implementations return nested templates in a different order. i.e. for {{a|b={{c}}}}, mwpfh returns [a, c], whereas regex returns [c, a]. mwpfh preserves whitespace in parameter names and values. regex excludes anything between <!-- --> before parsing the text. If there are multiple numbered parameters in the wikitext for the same position, MediaWiki will only use the last parameter value. e.g. {{a| foo | 2 <!-- --> = bar | baz }} is {{a|1=foo|2=baz}} To replicate that behaviour, enable both remove_disabled_parts and strip. @param text: The wikitext from which templates are extracted @type text: str @param remove_disabled_parts: Remove disabled wikitext such as comments and pre. If None (default), this is enabled when mwparserfromhell is not available and disabled if mwparserfromhell is present. @type remove_disabled_parts: bool or None @param strip: if enabled, strip arguments and values of templates. If None (default), this is enabled when mwparserfromhell is not available and disabled if mwparserfromhell is present. @type strip: bool @return: list of template name and params @rtype: list of tuple """ use_regex = isinstance(mwparserfromhell, Exception) if remove_disabled_parts is None: remove_disabled_parts = use_regex if remove_disabled_parts: text = removeDisabledParts(text) if strip is None: strip = use_regex if use_regex: return extract_templates_and_params_regex(text, False, strip) else: return extract_templates_and_params_mwpfh(text, strip)
[docs]def extract_templates_and_params_mwpfh(text, strip=False): """ Extract templates with params using mwparserfromhell. This function should not be called directly. Use extract_templates_and_params, which will select this mwparserfromhell implementation if based on whether the mwparserfromhell package is installed. @param text: The wikitext from which templates are extracted @type text: str @return: list of template name and params @rtype: list of tuple """ code = mwparserfromhell.parse(text) result = [] for template in code.filter_templates(recursive=True): params = OrderedDict() for param in template.params: if strip: implicit_parameter = not param.showkey key = if not implicit_parameter: value = param.value.strip() else: value = str(param.value) else: key = str( value = str(param.value) params[key] = value result.append((, params)) return result
[docs]def extract_templates_and_params_regex(text, remove_disabled_parts=True, strip=True): """ Extract templates with params using a regex with additional processing. This function should not be called directly. Use extract_templates_and_params, which will fallback to using this regex based implementation when the mwparserfromhell implementation is not used. @param text: The wikitext from which templates are extracted @type text: str @return: list of template name and params @rtype: list of tuple """ # remove commented-out stuff etc. if remove_disabled_parts: thistxt = removeDisabledParts(text) else: thistxt = text # marker for inside templates or parameters marker1 = findmarker(thistxt) # marker for links marker2 = findmarker(thistxt, '##', '#') # marker for math marker3 = findmarker(thistxt, '%%', '%') # marker for value parameter marker4 = findmarker(thistxt, '§§', '§') result = [] Rmath = re.compile(r'<math>[^<]+</math>') Rvalue = re.compile(r'{{{.+?}}}') Rmarker1 = re.compile(r'%s(\d+)%s' % (marker1, marker1)) Rmarker2 = re.compile(r'%s(\d+)%s' % (marker2, marker2)) Rmarker3 = re.compile(r'%s(\d+)%s' % (marker3, marker3)) Rmarker4 = re.compile(r'%s(\d+)%s' % (marker4, marker4)) # Replace math with markers maths = {} count = 0 for m in Rmath.finditer(thistxt): count += 1 item = thistxt = thistxt.replace(item, '%s%d%s' % (marker3, count, marker3)) maths[count] = item values = {} count = 0 for m in Rvalue.finditer(thistxt): count += 1 # If we have digits between brackets, restoring from dict may fail. # So we need to change the index. We have to search in the origin text. while '}}}%d{{{' % count in text: count += 1 item = thistxt = thistxt.replace(item, '%s%d%s' % (marker4, count, marker4)) values[count] = item inside = {} seen = set() count = 0 while is not None: for m in _ETP_REGEX.finditer(thistxt): # Make sure it is not detected again item = if item in seen: continue # speed up seen.add(item) count += 1 while '}}%d{{' % count in text: count += 1 thistxt = thistxt.replace(item, '%s%d%s' % (marker1, count, marker1)) # Make sure stored templates don't contain markers for m2 in Rmarker1.finditer(item): item = item.replace(, inside[int(]) for m2 in Rmarker3.finditer(item): item = item.replace(, maths[int(]) for m2 in Rmarker4.finditer(item): item = item.replace(, values[int(]) inside[count] = item # Name name ='name').strip() m2 = or if m2 is not None: # Doesn't detect templates whose name changes, # or templates whose name contains math tags continue # {{#if: }} if not name or name.startswith('#'): continue # Parameters paramString ='params') params = OrderedDict() numbered_param = 1 if paramString: # Replace wikilinks with markers links = {} count2 = 0 for m2 in pywikibot.link_regex.finditer(paramString): count2 += 1 item = paramString = paramString.replace( item, '%s%d%s' % (marker2, count2, marker2)) links[count2] = item # Parse string markedParams = paramString.split('|') # Replace markers for param in markedParams: if '=' in param: param_name, param_val = param.split('=', 1) implicit_parameter = False else: param_name = str(numbered_param) param_val = param numbered_param += 1 implicit_parameter = True count = len(inside) for m2 in Rmarker1.finditer(param_val): param_val = param_val.replace(, inside[int(]) for m2 in Rmarker2.finditer(param_val): param_val = param_val.replace(, links[int(]) for m2 in Rmarker3.finditer(param_val): param_val = param_val.replace(, maths[int(]) for m2 in Rmarker4.finditer(param_val): param_val = param_val.replace(, values[int(]) if strip: param_name = param_name.strip() if not implicit_parameter: param_val = param_val.strip() params[param_name] = param_val # Special case for {{a|}} which has an undetected parameter if not params and '|' in params = OrderedDict({'1': ''}) # Add it to the result result.append((name, params)) return result
[docs]def extract_templates_and_params_regex_simple(text): """ Extract top-level templates with params using only a simple regex. This function uses only a single regex, and returns an entry for each template called at the top-level of the wikitext. Nested templates are included in the argument values of the top-level template. This method will incorrectly split arguments when an argument value contains a '|', such as {{template|a={{b|c}} }}. @param text: The wikitext from which templates are extracted @type text: str @return: list of template name and params @rtype: list of tuple of name and OrderedDict """ result = [] for match in NESTED_TEMPLATE_REGEX.finditer(text): name, params =, # Special case for {{a}} if params is None: params = [] else: params = params.split('|') numbered_param_identifiers = iter(range(1, len(params) + 1)) params = OrderedDict( arg.split('=', 1) if '=' in arg else (str(next(numbered_param_identifiers)), arg) for arg in params) result.append((name, params)) return result
[docs]def glue_template_and_params(template_and_params): """Return wiki text of template glued from params. You can use items from extract_templates_and_params here to get an equivalent template wiki text (it may happen that the order of the params changes). """ (template, params) = template_and_params text = '' for item in params: text += '|%s=%s\n' % (item, params[item]) return '{{%s\n%s}}' % (template, text)
# -------------------------- # Page parsing functionality # --------------------------
[docs]def does_text_contain_section(pagetext, section): """ Determine whether the page text contains the given section title. It does not care whether a section string may contain spaces or underlines. Both will match. If a section parameter contains an internal link, it will match the section with or without a preceding colon which is required for a text link e.g. for categories and files. @param pagetext: The wikitext of a page @type pagetext: str @param section: a section of a page including wikitext markups @type section: str """ # match preceding colon for text links section = re.sub(r'\\\[\\\[(\\?:)?', r'\[\[\:?', re.escape(section)) # match underscores and white spaces section = re.sub(r'\\?[ _]', '[ _]', section) m ="=+[ ']*%s[ ']*=+" % section, pagetext) return bool(m)
[docs]def reformat_ISBNs(text, match_func): """Reformat ISBNs. @param text: text containing ISBNs @type text: str @param match_func: function to reformat matched ISBNs @type match_func: callable @return: reformatted text @rtype: str """ isbnR = re.compile(r'(?<=ISBN )(?P<code>[\d\-]+[\dXx])') text = isbnR.sub(match_func, text) return text
# --------------------------------------- # Time parsing functionality (Archivebot) # ---------------------------------------
[docs]class tzoneFixedOffset(datetime.tzinfo): """ Class building tzinfo objects for fixed-offset time zones. @param offset: a number indicating fixed offset in minutes east from UTC @param name: a string with name of the timezone """
[docs] def __init__(self, offset, name): """Initializer.""" self.__offset = datetime.timedelta(minutes=offset) self.__name = name
[docs] def utcoffset(self, dt): """Return the offset to UTC.""" return self.__offset
[docs] def tzname(self, dt): """Return the name of the timezone.""" return self.__name
[docs] def dst(self, dt): """Return no daylight savings time.""" return datetime.timedelta(0)
[docs] def __repr__(self): """Return the internal representation of the timezone.""" return '%s(%s, %s)' % ( self.__class__.__name__, self.__offset.days * 86400 + self.__offset.seconds, self.__name )
[docs]class TimeStripper(object): """Find timestamp in page and return it as pywikibot.Timestamp object."""
[docs] def __init__(self, site=None): """Initializer.""" if site is None: = pywikibot.Site() else: = site self.origNames2monthNum = {} for n, (_long, _short) in enumerate(, start=1): self.origNames2monthNum[_long] = n self.origNames2monthNum[_short] = n # in some cases month in ~~~~ might end without dot even if # site.months_names do not. if _short.endswith('.'): self.origNames2monthNum[_short[:-1]] = n self.groups = ['year', 'month', 'hour', 'time', 'day', 'minute', 'tzinfo'] timeR = (r'(?P<time>(?P<hour>([0-1]\d|2[0-3]))[:\.h]' r'(?P<minute>[0-5]\d))') timeznR = r'\((?P<tzinfo>[A-Z]+)\)' yearR = r'(?P<year>(19|20)\d\d)(?:%s)?' % '\ub144' # if months have 'digits' as names, they need to be # removed; will be handled as digits in regex, adding d+{1,2}\.? escaped_months = [_ for _ in self.origNames2monthNum if not _.strip('.').isdigit()] # match longest names first. escaped_months = [re.escape(_) for _ in sorted(escaped_months, reverse=True)] # work around for cs wiki: if month are in digits, we assume # that format is dd. mm. (with dot and spaces optional) # the last one is workaround for Korean if any(_.isdigit() for _ in self.origNames2monthNum): self.is_digit_month = True monthR = r'(?P<month>(%s)|(?:1[012]|0?[1-9])\.)' \ % '|'.join(escaped_months) dayR = ( r'(?P<day>(3[01]|[12]\d|0?[1-9]))(?:{0})?\.?\s*(?:[01]?\d\.)?' .format('\uc77c')) else: self.is_digit_month = False monthR = r'(?P<month>(%s))' % '|'.join(escaped_months) dayR = r'(?P<day>(3[01]|[12]\d|0?[1-9]))\.?' self.ptimeR = re.compile(timeR) self.ptimeznR = re.compile(timeznR) self.pyearR = re.compile(yearR) self.pmonthR = re.compile(monthR) self.pdayR = re.compile(dayR) # order is important to avoid mismatch when searching self.patterns = [ self.ptimeR, self.ptimeznR, self.pyearR, self.pmonthR, self.pdayR, ] self._hyperlink_pat = re.compile(r'\[\s*?http[s]?://[^\]]*?\]') self._comment_pat = re.compile(r'<!--(.*?)-->') self._wikilink_pat = re.compile( r'\[\[(?P<link>[^\]\|]*?)(?P<anchor>\|[^\]]*)?\]\]') self.tzinfo = tzoneFixedOffset(['timeoffset'],['timezone'])
@property @deprecated('_hyperlink_pat', since='20170212') def linkP(self): """Deprecated linkP instance variable.""" return self._hyperlink_pat @property @deprecated('_comment_pat', since='20170212') def comment_pattern(self): """Deprecated comment_pattern instance variable.""" return self._comment_pat @deprecated('module function', since='20151118') def findmarker(self, text, base='@@', delta='@'): """Find a string which is not part of text.""" return findmarker(text, base, delta)
[docs] def fix_digits(self, line): """Make non-latin digits like Persian to latin to parse.""" for system in NON_LATIN_DIGITS.values(): for i in range(0, 10): line = line.replace(system[i], str(i)) return line
def _last_match_and_replace(self, txt, pat): """ Take the rightmost match and replace with marker. It does so to prevent spurious earlier matches. """ m = None cnt = 0 for m in pat.finditer(txt): cnt += 1 def marker(m): """ Replace exactly the same number of matched characters. Same number of chars shall be replaced, in order to be able to compare pos for matches reliably (absolute pos of a match is not altered by replacement). """ return '@' * (m.end() - m.start()) if m: # month and day format might be identical (e.g. see bug T71315), # avoid to wipe out day, after month is matched. # replace all matches but the last two # (i.e. allow to search for dd. mm.) if pat == self.pmonthR: if self.is_digit_month: if cnt > 2: txt = pat.sub(marker, txt, cnt - 2) else: txt = pat.sub(marker, txt) else: txt = pat.sub(marker, txt) return (txt, m) else: return (txt, None) @staticmethod def _valid_date_dict_positions(dateDict): """Check consistency of reasonable positions for groups.""" time_pos = dateDict['time']['start'] tzinfo_pos = dateDict['tzinfo']['start'] date_pos = sorted( (dateDict['day'], dateDict['month'], dateDict['year']), key=lambda x: x['start']) min_pos, max_pos = date_pos[0]['start'], date_pos[-1]['start'] max_gap = max(x[1]['start'] - x[0]['end'] for x in zip(date_pos, date_pos[1:])) if max_gap > TIMESTAMP_GAP_LIMIT: return False if tzinfo_pos < min_pos or tzinfo_pos < time_pos: return False if min_pos < tzinfo_pos < max_pos: return False if min_pos < time_pos < max_pos: return False return True
[docs] def timestripper(self, line): """ Find timestamp in line and convert it to time zone aware datetime. All the following items must be matched, otherwise None is returned: -. year, month, hour, time, day, minute, tzinfo @return: A timestamp found on the given line @rtype: pywikibot.Timestamp """ # Try to maintain gaps that are used in _valid_date_dict_positions() def censor_match(match): return '_' * (match.end() - match.start()) # match date fields dateDict = {} # Analyze comments separately from rest of each line to avoid to skip # dates in comments, as the date matched by timestripper is the # rightmost one. most_recent = [] for comment in self._comment_pat.finditer(line): # Recursion levels can be maximum two. If a comment is found, it # will not for sure be found in the next level. # Nested comments are excluded by design. timestamp = self.timestripper( most_recent.append(timestamp) # Censor comments. line = self._comment_pat.sub(censor_match, line) # Censor external links. line = self._hyperlink_pat.sub(censor_match, line) for wikilink in self._wikilink_pat.finditer(line): # Recursion levels can be maximum two. If a link is found, it will # not for sure be found in the next level. # Nested links are excluded by design. link, anchor ='link'),'anchor') timestamp = self.timestripper(link) most_recent.append(timestamp) if anchor: timestamp = self.timestripper(anchor) most_recent.append(timestamp) # Censor wikilinks. line = self._wikilink_pat.sub(censor_match, line) # Remove parts that are not supposed to contain the timestamp, in order # to reduce false positives. line = removeDisabledParts(line) line = self.fix_digits(line) for pat in self.patterns: line, match_obj = self._last_match_and_replace(line, pat) if match_obj: for group, value in match_obj.groupdict().items(): start, end = (match_obj.start(group), match_obj.end(group)) # The positions are stored for later validation dateDict[group] = { 'value': value, 'start': start, 'end': end } # all fields matched -> date valid # groups are in a reasonable order. if (all(g in dateDict for g in self.groups) and self._valid_date_dict_positions(dateDict)): # remove 'time' key, now split in hour/minute and not needed # by datetime. del dateDict['time'] # replace month name in original language with month number try: value = self.origNames2monthNum[dateDict['month']['value']] except KeyError: pywikibot.output('incorrect month name "%s" in page in site %s' % (dateDict['month']['value'], raise KeyError else: dateDict['month']['value'] = value # convert to integers and remove the inner dict for k, v in dateDict.items(): if k == 'tzinfo': continue try: dateDict[k] = int(v['value']) except ValueError: raise ValueError( 'Value: {0} could not be converted for key: {1}.' .format(v['value'], k)) # find timezone dateDict['tzinfo'] = self.tzinfo timestamp = pywikibot.Timestamp(**dateDict) else: timestamp = None most_recent.append(timestamp) try: timestamp = max(ts for ts in most_recent if ts is not None) except ValueError: timestamp = None return timestamp