Source code for scripts.category_redirect

"""This bot will move pages out of redirected categories.

The bot will look for categories that are marked with a category redirect
template, take the first parameter of the template as the target of the
redirect, and move all pages and subcategories of the category there. It
also changes hard redirects into soft redirects, and fixes double redirects.
A log is written under <userpage>/category_redirect_log. Only category pages
that haven't been edited for a certain cooldown period (currently 7 days)
are taken into account.

The following parameters are supported:

-always           If used, the bot won't ask if it should add the specified

-delay:#          Set an amount of days. If the category is edited more recenty
                  than given days, ignore it. Default is 7.

-tiny             Only loops over Category:Non-empty_category_redirects and
                  moves all images, pages and categories in redirect categories
                  to the target category.


    python category_redirect [options]

.. note:: This script is a
   :py:obj:`ConfigParserBot <>`. All options
   can be set within a settings file which is scripts.ini by default.
# (C) Pywikibot team, 2008-2022
# Distributed under the terms of the MIT license.
import pickle
import re
import time
from contextlib import suppress
from datetime import timedelta

import pywikibot
from pywikibot import config, i18n, pagegenerators
from pywikibot.backports import Tuple
from import ConfigParserBot, SingleSiteBot
from pywikibot.exceptions import CircularRedirectError, Error, NoPageError

LOG_SIZE = 7  # Number of items to keep in active log

[docs]class CategoryRedirectBot(ConfigParserBot, SingleSiteBot): """Page category update bot. .. versionchanged:: 7.0 CategoryRedirectBot is a ConfigParserBot """ update_options = { 'tiny': False, # use Non-empty category redirects only 'delay': 7, # cool down delay in days } def __init__(self, **kwargs) -> None: """Initializer.""" super().__init__(**kwargs) self.catprefix = + ':' self.log_text = [] self.edit_requests = [] self.problems = [] self.template_list = [] = None self.log_page = pywikibot.Page(, 'User:{}/category redirect log' .format( # Localization: # Category that contains all redirected category pages self.cat_redirect_cat = { 'commons': 'Category:Category redirects', 'meta': 'Category:Maintenance of categories/Soft redirected ' 'categories', 'ar': 'تصنيف:تحويلات تصنيفات ويكيبيديا', 'ary': 'تصنيف:Wikipedia soft redirected categories', 'arz': 'تصنيف:تحويلات تصانيف ويكيبيديا', 'cs': 'Kategorie:Údržba:Zastaralé kategorie', 'da': 'Kategori:Omdirigeringskategorier', 'en': 'Category:Wikipedia soft redirected categories', 'es': 'Categoría:Wikipedia:Categorías redirigidas', 'fa': 'رده:رده‌های منتقل‌شده', 'hi': 'श्रेणी:विकिपीडिया श्रेणी अनुप्रेषित', 'hu': 'Kategória:Kategóriaátirányítások', 'ja': 'Category:移行中のカテゴリ', 'ko': '분류:비어 있지 않은 분류 넘겨주기', 'no': 'Kategori:Wikipedia omdirigertekategorier', 'pl': 'Kategoria:Przekierowania kategorii', 'pt': 'Categoria:!Redirecionamentos de categorias', 'sco': 'Category:Wikipaedia soft redirectit categories', 'simple': 'Category:Category redirects', 'sh': 'Kategorija:Preusmjerene kategorije Wikipedije', 'sr': 'Категорија:Википедијине меко преусмерене категорије', 'ur': 'زمرہ:منتقل شدہ زمرہ جات', 'vi': 'Thể loại:Thể loại đổi hướng', 'zh': 'Category:已重定向的分类', 'ro': 'Categorie:Categorii de redirecționare', } # Category that contains non-empty redirected category pages self.tiny_cat_redirect_cat = 'Q8099903' self.move_comment = 'category_redirect-change-category' self.redir_comment = 'category_redirect-add-template' self.dbl_redir_comment = 'category_redirect-fix-double' self.maint_comment = 'category_redirect-comment' self.edit_request_text = i18n.twtranslate(, 'category_redirect-edit-request') + '\n~~~~' self.edit_request_item = i18n.twtranslate(, 'category_redirect-edit-request-item')
[docs] def get_cat(self): """Specify the category page.""" if self.opt.tiny: = self.tiny_cat_redirect_cat) else: cat_title = pywikibot.translate(, self.cat_redirect_cat) if cat_title: = pywikibot.Category(pywikibot.Link(cat_title, return is not None
[docs] def move_contents(self, old_cat_title: str, new_cat_title: str, edit_summary: str) -> Tuple[int, int]: """The worker function that moves pages out of oldCat into newCat.""" old_cat = pywikibot.Category(, self.catprefix + old_cat_title) new_cat = pywikibot.Category(, self.catprefix + new_cat_title) param = { 'oldCatLink': old_cat.title(), 'oldCatTitle': old_cat_title, 'newCatLink': new_cat.title(), 'newCatTitle': new_cat_title, } summary = edit_summary % param # Move articles found, moved = 0, 0 for article in old_cat.members(): found += 1 moved += article.change_category(old_cat, new_cat, summary=summary) if article.namespace() != 10: continue # pass 2: look for template doc pages for subpage in doc = pywikibot.Page(, article.title() + subpage) try: doc.get() except Error: pass else: moved += doc.change_category(old_cat, new_cat, summary=summary) if found: pywikibot.output('{}: {} found, {} moved' .format(old_cat, found, moved)) return found, moved
[docs] def ready_to_edit(self, cat): """Return True if cat not edited during cooldown period, else False.""" today = deadline = today + timedelta(days=-self.opt.delay) if cat.editTime() is None: raise RuntimeError return deadline > cat.editTime()
[docs] def get_log_text(self): """Rotate log text and return the most recent text.""" try: log_text = self.log_page.get() except NoPageError: log_text = '' log_items = {} header = None for line in log_text.splitlines(): if line.startswith('==') and line.endswith('=='): header = line[2:-2].strip() if header is not None: log_items.setdefault(header, []) log_items[header].append(line) if len(log_items) < LOG_SIZE: return log_text # sort by keys and keep the first (LOG_SIZE-1) values keep = [text for (key, text) in sorted(log_items.items(), reverse=True)[:LOG_SIZE - 1]] log_text = '\n'.join('\n'.join(line for line in text) for text in keep) # get permalink to older logs history = list(self.log_page.revisions(total=LOG_SIZE)) # get the id of the newest log being archived rotate_revid = history[-1].revid # append permalink message = i18n.twtranslate(, 'category_redirect-older-logs', {'oldlogs': self.log_page.permalink(oldid=rotate_revid)}) log_text += ('\n\n' + message) return log_text
[docs] def check_hard_redirect(self) -> None: """ Check for hard-redirected categories. Check categories that are not already marked with an appropriate softredirect template. """ pywikibot.output('Checking hard-redirect category pages.') comment = i18n.twtranslate(, self.redir_comment) # generator yields all hard redirect pages in namespace 14 for page in, filterredir=True, content=True): if page.isCategoryRedirect(): # this is already a soft-redirect, so skip it (for now) continue try: target = page.getRedirectTarget() except CircularRedirectError: target = page message = i18n.twtranslate(, 'category_redirect-problem-self-linked', {'oldcat': page.title(as_link=True, textlink=True)}) self.problems.append(message) except RuntimeError: # race condition: someone else removed the redirect while we # were checking for it continue if not target.is_categorypage(): message = i18n.twtranslate(, 'category_redirect-problem-hard', { 'oldcat': page.title(as_link=True, textlink=True), 'page': target.title(as_link=True, textlink=True) }) self.problems.append(message) continue # this is a hard-redirect to a category page newtext = ('{{%(template)s|%(cat)s}}' % {'cat': target.title(with_ns=False), 'template': self.template_list[0]}) params = { 'ns':, 'template': self.template_list[0], 'oldcat': page.title(as_link=True, textlink=True) } try: page.text = newtext message = i18n.twtranslate(, 'category_redirect-log-added', params) self.log_text.append(message) except Error as e: pywikibot.error(e) message = i18n.twtranslate(, 'category_redirect-log-add-failed', params) self.log_text.append(message)
[docs] def run(self) -> None: """Run the bot.""" # validate L10N self.template_list = if not self.template_list: pywikibot.warning('No redirect templates defined for {}' .format( return if not self.get_cat(): pywikibot.warning('No redirect category found for {}' .format( return self.user = # invokes login() self.newredirs = [] localtime = time.localtime() today = '{:04d}-{:02d}-{:02d}'.format(*localtime[:3]) self.datafile = pywikibot.config.datafilepath( '{}-catmovebot-data'.format( try: with open(self.datafile, 'rb') as inp: self.record = pickle.load(inp) except OSError: self.record = {} if self.record: with open(self.datafile + '.bak', 'wb') as f: pickle.dump(self.record, f, protocol=config.pickle_protocol) # regex to match soft category redirects # TODO: enhance and use textlib.MultiTemplateMatchBuilder # note that any templates containing optional "category:" are # incorrect and will be fixed by the bot template_regex = re.compile( r"""{{{{\s*(?:{prefix}\s*:\s*)? # optional "template:" (?:{template})\s*\| # catredir template name (\s*{catns}\s*:\s*)? # optional "category:" ([^|}}]+) # redirect target cat (?:\|[^|}}]*)*}}}} # optional arguments 2+, ignored """.format(, template='|'.join(item.replace(' ', '[ _]+') for item in self.template_list),, re.I | re.X) self.check_hard_redirect() comment = i18n.twtranslate(, self.move_comment) counts = {} nonemptypages = [] redircat = pywikibot.output('\nChecking {} category redirect pages' .format(redircat.categoryinfo['subcats'])) catpages = set() for cat in redircat.subcategories(): catpages.add(cat) cat_title = cat.title(with_ns=False) if 'category redirect' in cat_title: message = i18n.twtranslate(, 'category_redirect-log-ignoring', {'oldcat': cat.title(as_link=True, textlink=True)}) self.log_text.append(message) continue if hasattr(cat, '_catinfo'): # skip empty categories that don't return a "categoryinfo" key catdata = cat.categoryinfo if 'size' in catdata and int(catdata['size']): # save those categories that have contents nonemptypages.append(cat) if cat_title not in self.record: # make sure every redirect has a self.record entry self.record[cat_title] = {today: None} with suppress(Error): self.newredirs.append('*# {}{}'.format( cat.title(as_link=True, textlink=True), cat.getCategoryRedirectTarget().title( as_link=True, textlink=True))) # do a null edit on cat with suppress(Exception): # delete self.record entries for non-existent categories for cat_name in list(self.record): if pywikibot.Category(, self.catprefix + cat_name) not in catpages: del self.record[cat_name] pywikibot.output('\nMoving pages out of {} redirected categories.' .format(len(nonemptypages))) for cat in pagegenerators.PreloadingGenerator(nonemptypages): try: if not cat.isCategoryRedirect(): message = i18n.twtranslate(, 'category_redirect-log-false-positive', {'oldcat': cat.title(as_link=True, textlink=True)}) self.log_text.append(message) continue except Error: message = i18n.twtranslate(, 'category_redirect-log-not-loaded', {'oldcat': cat.title(as_link=True, textlink=True)}) self.log_text.append(message) continue cat_title = cat.title(with_ns=False) if not self.ready_to_edit(cat): counts[cat_title] = None message = i18n.twtranslate(, 'category_redirect-log-skipping', {'oldcat': cat.title(as_link=True, textlink=True)}) self.log_text.append(message) continue dest = cat.getCategoryRedirectTarget() if not dest.exists(): message = i18n.twtranslate(, 'category_redirect-problem-redirects', { 'oldcat': cat.title(as_link=True, textlink=True), 'redpage': dest.title(as_link=True, textlink=True) }) self.problems.append(message) # do a null edit on cat to update any special redirect # categories this wiki might maintain with suppress(Exception): continue if dest.isCategoryRedirect(): double = dest.getCategoryRedirectTarget() if double in (dest, cat): message = i18n.twtranslate(, 'category_redirect-log-loop', {'oldcat': dest.title(as_link=True, textlink=True)}) self.log_text.append(message) # do a null edit on cat with suppress(Exception): else: message = i18n.twtranslate(, 'category_redirect-log-double', { 'oldcat': cat.title(as_link=True, textlink=True), 'newcat': dest.title(as_link=True, textlink=True), 'targetcat': double.title( as_link=True, textlink=True) }) self.log_text.append(message) oldtext = cat.text # remove the old redirect from the old text, # leaving behind any non-redirect text oldtext = template_regex.sub('', oldtext) newtext = ('{{%(redirtemp)s|%(ncat)s}}' % {'redirtemp': self.template_list[0], 'ncat': double.title(with_ns=False)}) newtext = newtext + oldtext.strip() try: cat.text = newtext, self.dbl_redir_comment)) except Error as e: message = i18n.twtranslate(, 'category_redirect-log-failed', {'error': e}) self.log_text.append(message) continue found, moved = self.move_contents( cat_title, dest.title(with_ns=False), comment) if found: self.record[cat_title][today] = found message = i18n.twtranslate(, 'category_redirect-log-moved', { 'oldcat': cat.title(as_link=True, textlink=True), 'found': found, 'moved': moved }) self.log_text.append(message) counts[cat_title] = found # do a null edit on cat with suppress(Exception): self.teardown()
[docs] def teardown(self) -> None: """Write self.record to file and save logs.""" with open(self.datafile, 'wb') as f: pickle.dump(self.record, f, protocol=config.pickle_protocol) self.log_text.sort() self.problems.sort() self.newredirs.sort() comment = i18n.twtranslate(, self.maint_comment) message = i18n.twtranslate(, 'category_redirect-log-new') date_line = '\n== {}-{:02d}-{:02d}T{:02d}:{:02d}:{:02d}Z ==\n' \ .format(*time.gmtime()[:6]) self.log_page.text = (date_line + '\n'.join(self.log_text) + '\n* ' + message + '\n' + '\n'.join(self.newredirs) + '\n' + '\n'.join(self.problems) + '\n' + self.get_log_text()) if self.edit_requests: edit_request_page = pywikibot.Page(, 'User:{}/category edit requests'.format(self.user)) edit_request_page.text = (self.edit_request_text % {'itemlist': '\n' + '\n'.join( (self.edit_request_item % item) for item in self.edit_requests)})
[docs]def main(*args: str) -> None: """ Process command line arguments and invoke bot. If args is an empty list, sys.argv is used. :param args: command line arguments """ options = {} for arg in pywikibot.handle_args(args): if arg.startswith('-delay:'): pos = arg.find(':') options[arg[1:pos]] = int(arg[pos + 1:]) else: # generic handling of we have boolean options options[arg[1:]] = True bot = CategoryRedirectBot(**options)
if __name__ == '__main__': main()