Source code for scripts.makecat

# -*- coding: UTF-8 -*-
Bot to add new or existing categories to pages.

This bot takes as its argument the name of a new or existing category.
Multiple categories may be given. It will then try to find new articles
for these categories (pages linked to and from pages already in the category),
asking the user which pages to include and which not.

The following command line parameters are supported:

-nodates     Automatically skip all pages that are years or dates
             (years only work AD, dates only for certain languages).

-forward     Only check pages linked from pages already in the category,
             not pages linking to them. Is less precise but quite a bit faster.

-exist       Only ask about pages that do actually exist;
             drop any titles of non-existing pages silently.
             If -forward is chosen, -exist is automatically implied.

-keepparent  Do not remove parent categories of the category to be worked on.

-all         Work on all pages (default: only main namespace)

When running the bot, you will get one by one a number by pages.
You can choose

* [y]es      - include the page
* [n]o       - do not include the page or
* [i]gnore   - do not include the page, but if you meet it again, ask again.

Other possibilities

* [m]ore     - show more content of the page starting from the beginning
* sort [k]ey - add with sort key like [[Category|Title]]
* [s]kip     - add the page, but skip checking links to and from it
* [c]heck    - check links to and from the page, but do not add the page itself
* [o]ther    - add another page, which may have been included before
* [l]ist     - show current list of pages to include or to check

# (C) Andre Engels, 2004
# (C) Pywikibot team, 2005-2019
# Distributed under the terms of the MIT license.
from __future__ import absolute_import, division, unicode_literals

import codecs

import pywikibot

from import NoRedirectPageBot, SingleSiteBot
from pywikibot import pagegenerators, i18n, textlib

from import DequeGenerator

[docs]class MakeCatBot(SingleSiteBot, NoRedirectPageBot): """Bot tries to find new articles for a given category."""
[docs] def __init__(self, **kwargs): """Initializer.""" self.availableOptions.update({ 'all': False, 'exist': False, 'forward': False, 'keepparent': False, 'nodate': False, }) super(MakeCatBot, self).__init__(**kwargs) self.skipdates = self.getOption('nodate') self.checkforward = True self.checkbackward = not self.getOption('forward') self.checkbroken = not (self.getOption('forward') and self.getOption('exist')) self.removeparent = not self.getOption('keepparent') self.main = not self.getOption('all')
[docs] def needcheck(self, page): """Verify whether the current page may be processed.""" global checked return not (self.main and page.namespace() != 0 or page in checked or self.skipdates and page.autoFormat()[0] is not None)
[docs] def change_category(self, page, catlist): """Change the category of page.""" pass
[docs] def include(self, pl, checklinks=True, realinclude=True, linkterm=None, summary=''): """Include the current page to the working category.""" global workingcat, parentcats global checked, tocheck cl = checklinks mysite = if linkterm: actualworkingcat = pywikibot.Category(mysite, workingcat.title(), sort_key=linkterm) else: actualworkingcat = workingcat if realinclude: try: text = pl.get() except pywikibot.NoPage: pass except pywikibot.IsRedirectPage: cl = True else: cats = list(pl.categories()) if workingcat not in cats: for c in cats: if c in parentcats: if self.removeparent: pl.change_category(actualworkingcat, summary=summary) break else: pl.put(textlib.replaceCategoryLinks( text, cats + [actualworkingcat],, summary=summary) if cl: if self.checkforward: for page2 in pl.linkedPages(): if self.needcheck(page2): tocheck.append(page2) checked[page2] = page2 if self.checkbackward: for ref_page in pl.getReferences(): if self.needcheck(ref_page): tocheck.append(ref_page) checked[ref_page] = ref_page
[docs] def skip_page(self, page): """Check whether the page is to be skipped.""" pass
[docs] def asktoadd(self, pl, summary): """Work on current page and ask to add article to category.""" global checked, tocheck global excludefile mysite = if != mysite: return if pl.isRedirectPage(): pl2 = pl.getRedirectTarget() if self.needcheck(pl2): tocheck.append(pl2) checked[pl2] = pl2 return ctoshow = 500 pywikibot.output('') pywikibot.output('== {} =='.format(pl.title())) while True: answer = pywikibot.input('[y]es/[n]o/[i]gnore/[h]elp for options?') if answer == 'y': self.include(pl, summary=summary) break if answer == 'c': self.include(pl, realinclude=False) break if answer == 'k': if pl.exists() and not pl.isRedirectPage(): linkterm = pywikibot.input( 'In what manner should it be alphabetized?') self.include(pl, linkterm=linkterm, summary=summary) break self.include(pl, summary=summary) break elif answer == 'n': excludefile.write('%s\n' % pl.title()) break elif answer == 'i': break elif answer == 'h': pywikibot.output(""" [m]ore: show more content of the page starting from the beginning sort [k]ey: Add with sort key like [[Category|Title]] [s]kip: Add the page, but skip checking links [c]heck: Do not add the page, but do check links [o]ther: Add another page [l]ist: Show a list of the pages to check """) elif answer == 'o': pagetitle = pywikibot.input('Specify page to add:') page = pywikibot.Page(pywikibot.Site(), pagetitle) if page not in checked.keys(): self.include(page, summary=summary) elif answer == 's': if not pl.exists(): pywikibot.output('Page does not exist; not added.') elif pl.isRedirectPage(): pywikibot.output( 'Redirect page. Will be included normally.') self.include(pl, realinclude=False) else: self.include(pl, checklinks=False, summary=summary) break elif answer == 'l': pywikibot.output('Number of pages still to check: {}' .format(len(tocheck))) pywikibot.output('Pages to be checked:') pywikibot.output(' - '.join(page.title() for page in tocheck)) pywikibot.output('== {} =='.format(pl.title())) elif answer == 'm': pywikibot.output('== {} =='.format(pl.title())) try: pywikibot.output('' + pl.get(get_redirect=True)[0:ctoshow]) except pywikibot.NoPage: pywikibot.output('Page does not exist.') ctoshow += 500 else: pywikibot.output('Not understood.')
[docs]def main(*args): """ Process command line arguments and invoke bot. If args is an empty list, sys.argv is used. @param args: command line arguments @type args: str """ global workingcat, parentcats global checked, tocheck global excludefile checked = {} tocheck = DequeGenerator() workingcatname = '' options = {} local_args = pywikibot.handle_args(args) for arg in local_args: option = arg[1:] if not arg.startswith('-'): if not workingcatname: workingcatname = arg else: pywikibot.warning('Working category "{}" is already given.' .format(workingcatname)) else: options[option] = True if not workingcatname:['working category']) return mysite = pywikibot.Site() summary = i18n.twtranslate(mysite, 'makecat-create', {'cat': workingcatname}) bot = MakeCatBot(site=mysite, **options) workingcat = pywikibot.Category(mysite, '{0}{1}' .format(mysite.namespaces.CATEGORY, workingcatname)) filename = pywikibot.config.datafilepath( 'category', workingcatname.encode('ascii', 'xmlcharrefreplace').decode('ascii') + '_exclude.txt') try: with, 'r', encoding=mysite.encoding()) as f: for line in f.readlines(): # remove leading and trailing spaces, LF and CR line = line.strip() if not line: continue pl = pywikibot.Page(mysite, line) checked[pl] = pl excludefile =, 'a', encoding=mysite.encoding()) except IOError: # File does not exist excludefile =, 'w', encoding=mysite.encoding()) # Get parent categories in order to `removeparent` try: parentcats = workingcat.categories() except pywikibot.Error: parentcats = [] # Do not include articles already in subcats; only checking direct subcats subcatlist = list(workingcat.subcategories()) if subcatlist: subcatlist = pagegenerators.PreloadingGenerator(subcatlist) for cat in subcatlist: artlist = list(cat.articles()) for page in artlist: checked[page] = page # Fetch articles in category, and mark as already checked (seen) # If category is empty, ask user if they want to look for pages # in a different category. articles = list(workingcat.articles(content=True)) if not articles: pywikibot.output('Category {} does not exist or is empty. ' 'Which page to start with?' .format(workingcatname)) answer = pywikibot.input('(Default is [[{}]]):'.format(workingcatname)) if not answer: answer = workingcatname pywikibot.output('' + answer) pl = pywikibot.Page(mysite, answer) articles = [pl] for pl in articles: checked[pl] = pl bot.include(pl, summary=summary) gen = pagegenerators.DequePreloadingGenerator(tocheck) for page in gen: if bot.checkbroken or page.exists(): bot.asktoadd(page, summary)
if __name__ == '__main__': try: main() finally: try: excludefile.close() except Exception: pass