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04) Distribute Visual Styles as Less Mixins

Date: 2022-09-01




Codex is an implementation of the Wikimedia Design System intended for building web-based products and experiences. Each public release of Codex includes the following types of assets:

  • Design Tokens (represented in JSON data, and also published as CSS, Less, and Sass variables)
  • Icons (SVG files)
  • Components (written in Vue.js)

However, the underlying Wikimedia Design System also specifies certain global visual styles. Rules for typographic styles or grid systems don't necessarily lend themselves to implementation as JavaScript-based components, but they are too complex to be represented as design tokens.

Codex needs a way to publish visual styles that do not necessarily correspond with a particular JavaScript-based UI component.

Considered actions

We considered publishing a global CSS stylesheet for Codex that applied appropriate styling to base HTML elements (buttons, links, headings and paragraphs, etc). We also considered providing a stylesheet that targeted certain pre-defined classes (.cdx-link, .cdx-heading-1, etc).

However, we decided that both options here provided insufficient flexibility for feature teams who will be using these styles. We don't want to introduce new global styles inside of MediaWiki (where there is already a lot going on); similarly, we don't want to make any assumptions about markup or class names on the consumer side.


With Less mixins, we can write styles that tie together all necessary design tokens without making any assumptions about where that style should be applied. All targeting decisions can be made by library consumers in a way that suits their own projects. This approach seems like the best balance between design consistency and flexibility. Less is supported throughout MediaWiki, so this approach will not impose any additional techincal requirements on users.

There are two kinds of circumstances where we will consider adding new public Less mixins to Codex:

  1. When we need to represent some kind of global visual style that doesn't map well onto a single Vue component (ex: typographic styles, grids, dividers).
  2. When we want to implement a certain component without requiring JavaScript. The Link component is a good example of this – using a Vue.js component to represent a basic link element is overkill, and a Less mixin is sufficient here. We may provide similar mixins for simple button and input styles.

Decisions on whether to implement a design as a Less mixin will be handled on a case-by-case basis.


The Codex documentation site may need to be reorganized to provide information about Less mixins alongside the sections for tokens and JavaScript components.

In some cases we may offer both a JavaScript and Less implementation for a given component (like Button). If so, we will need to clearly differentiate the docs for each implementation since usage will differ.