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Implements the useFloating() composable from FloatingUI for positioning Menu overlays by taking in two refs: one for the reference element and one for the Menu, plus middleware to track and update visible changes to the Menu.

Updates the value of these CSS properties for the Menu: visibility, position, top, right, left, transform, width and max-height.

This composable will:

  • Ensure the menu is always visually attached to its triggering element
  • Ensure the menu is always the same width as its triggering element
  • Ensure the menu is positioned below the triggering element when there is enough space, and it positioned above the triggering element otherwise.
  • Ensure the menu does not extend past the edge of the viewport
  • Ensure the menu is hidden if the triggering element is scrolled out of view
  • Ensure the menu and the reference element don't have rounded corners where they touch.
    • If you want the reference element to have rounded corners on the sides where it doesn't touch the menu, you must set a border-radius on all corners. This composable will then override the border-radius to 0 for the corners that should not be rounded. (If you're using a TextInput as the reference element, you don't have to do anything, because TextInput already sets a border-radius on all of its corners.)


useFloatingMenu() takes in two arguments:

  • The template ref of the element that the menu is visually attached to
  • The ref of the menu which is an instance of CdxMenu
    <div ref="handle">
        <cdx-menu ref="menu" />
const handle = ref(null);
const menu = ref(null);

useFloatingMenu( handle, menu );

Full example

In this example, the component is a TextInput with a Menu. The composable absolutely positions the Menu to appear attached to the TextInput and share the same width.

When the Menu is not expanded, it's hidden using visibility: hidden;.

When the Menu is expanded, the Menu and its children components, MenuItems, are visible. Floating UI's middleware hides the expanded Menu when the user has scrolled the TextInput out of view. This is because the Menu is relative to the TextInput.

    <div class="cdx-docs-input-with-menu">
            @blur="expanded = false"

<script lang="ts" setup>
import { ComponentPublicInstance, Ref, ref } from 'vue';
import { CdxMenu, CdxTextInput } from '@wikimedia/codex';
// import needed because useFloatingMenu is not being exported in lib yet
import useFloatingMenu from '../composables/useFloatingMenu';

const textInput = ref(null);
const menu = ref(null);

useFloatingMenu( textInput as Ref<ComponentPublicInstance>, menu );

const selectedValue = ref( '' );
const expanded = ref( false );
const menuItems = [
	{ label: 'One', value: '1' },
	{ label: 'Two', value: '2', disabled: true },
	{ label: 'Three', value: '3' },
	{ label: 'Four', value: '4' }

function onKeydown( event ) {
	// Delegate key events to the menu
	menu.value?.delegateKeyNavigation( event );

function onClick() {
	expanded.value = true;

<style lang="less">
@import ( reference ) '@wikimedia/codex-design-tokens/theme-wikimedia-ui.less';

.cdx-docs-input-with-menu {
	// The Menu component is absolutely positioned, so we need `position: relative` here to
	// position the menu relative to this div. This ensures the menu will align with the input.
	position: relative;