Global bot scripts#
Creates or modifies Interlanguage links between projects.
Script to check language links for general pages
Uses existing translations of a page, plus hints from the command line, to download the equivalent pages from other languages. All of such pages are downloaded as well and checked for interwiki links recursively until there are no more links that are encountered. A rationalization process then selects the right interwiki links, and if this is unambiguous, the interwiki links in the original page will be automatically updated and the modified page uploaded.
These command-line arguments can be used to specify which pages to work on:
-days: Like -years, but runs through all date pages. Stops at Dec 31. If the argument is given in the form -days:X, it will start at month no. X through Dec 31. If the argument is simply given as -days, it will run from Jan 1 through Dec 31. E.g. for -days:9 it will run from Sep 1 through Dec 31. -years: run on all year pages in numerical order. Stop at year 2050. If the argument is given in the form -years:XYZ, it will run from [[XYZ]] through []. If XYZ is a negative value, it is interpreted as a year BC. If the argument is simply given as -years, it will run from 1 through 2050. This implies -noredirect. -new: Work on the 100 newest pages. If given as -new:x, will work on the x newest pages. When multiple -namespace parameters are given, x pages are inspected, and only the ones in the selected name spaces are processed. Use -namespace:all for all namespaces. Without -namespace, only article pages are processed. This implies -noredirect. -restore: restore a set of "dumped" pages the bot was working on when it terminated. The dump file will be subsequently removed. -restore:all restore a set of "dumped" pages of all dumpfiles to a given family remaining in the "interwiki-dumps" directory. All these dump files will be subsequently removed. If restoring process interrupts again, it saves all unprocessed pages in one new dump file of the given site. -continue: like restore, but after having gone through the dumped pages, continue alphabetically starting at the last of the dumped pages. The dump file will be subsequently removed.
This script supports use of
Additionally, these arguments can be used to restrict the bot to certain pages:
-namespace:n Number or name of namespace to process. The parameter can be used multiple times. It works in combination with all other parameters, except for the -start parameter. If you e.g. want to iterate over all categories starting at M, use -start:Category:M. -number: used as -number:#, specifies that the bot should process that amount of pages and then stop. This is only useful in combination with -start. The default is not to stop. -until: used as -until:title, specifies that the bot should process pages in wiki default sort order up to, and including, "title" and then stop. This is only useful in combination with -start. The default is not to stop. Note: do not specify a namespace, even if -start has one. -bracket only work on pages that have (in the home language) parenthesis in their title. All other pages are skipped. (note: without ending colon) -skipfile: used as -skipfile:filename, skip all links mentioned in the given file. This does not work with -number! -skipauto use to skip all pages that can be translated automatically, like dates, centuries, months, etc. (note: without ending colon) -lack: used as -lack:xx with xx a language code: only work on pages without links to language xx. You can also add a number nn like -lack:xx:nn, so that the bot only works on pages with at least nn interwiki links (the default value for nn is 1).
These arguments control miscellaneous bot behaviour:
-quiet Use this option to get less output (note: without ending colon) -async Put page on queue to be saved to wiki asynchronously. This enables loading pages during saving throttling and gives a better performance. NOTE: For post-processing it always assumes that saving the the pages was successful. (note: without ending colon) -summary: Set an additional action summary message for the edit. This could be used for further explainings of the bot action. This will only be used in non-autonomous mode. -hintsonly The bot does not ask for a page to work on, even if none of the above page sources was specified. This will make the first existing page of -hint or -hinfile slip in as start page, determining properties like namespace, disambiguation state, and so on. When no existing page is found in the hints, the bot does nothing. Hitting return without input on the "Which page to check:" prompt has the same effect as using -hintsonly. Options like -back, -same or -wiktionary are in effect only after a page has been found to work on. (note: without ending colon)
These arguments are useful to provide hints to the bot:
-hint: used as -hint:de:Anweisung to give the bot a hint where to start looking for translations. If no text is given after the second ':', the name of the page itself is used as the title for the hint, unless the -hintnobracket command line option (see there) is also selected. There are some special hints, trying a number of languages at once:: * all: All languages with at least ca. 100 articles * 10: The 10 largest languages (sites with most articles). Analogous for any other natural number * arab: All languages using the Arabic alphabet * cyril: All languages that use the Cyrillic alphabet * chinese: All Chinese dialects * latin: All languages using the Latin script * scand: All Scandinavian languages Names of families that forward their interlanguage links to the wiki family being worked upon can be used, they are:: * commons: Interlanguage links of Wikimedia Commons * incubator: Links in pages on the Wikimedia Incubator * meta: Interlanguage links of named pages on Meta * species: Interlanguage links of the Wikispecies wiki * strategy: Links in pages on Wikimedia Strategy wiki * test: Take interwiki links from Test Wikipedia * wikimania: Interwiki links of Wikimania Languages, groups and families having the same page title can be combined, as -hint:5,scand,sr,pt,commons:New_York -hintfile: similar to -hint, except that hints are taken from the given file, enclosed in [] each, instead of the command line. -askhints: for each page one or more hints are asked. See hint: above for the format, one can for example give "en:something" or "20:" as hint. -repository Include data repository -same looks over all 'serious' languages for the same title. -same is equivalent to -hint:all:: (note: without ending colon) -wiktionary: similar to -same, but will ONLY accept names that are identical to the original. Also, if the title is not capitalized, it will only go through other wikis without automatic capitalization. -untranslated: works normally on pages with at least one interlanguage link; asks for hints for pages that have none. -untranslatedonly: same as -untranslated, but pages which already have a translation are skipped. Hint: do NOT use this in combination with -start without a -number limit, because you will go through the whole alphabet before any queries are performed! -showpage when asking for hints, show the first bit of the text of the page always, rather than doing so only when being asked for (by typing '?'). Only useful in combination with a hint-asking option like -untranslated, -askhints or -untranslatedonly. (note: without ending colon) -noauto Do not use the automatic translation feature for years and dates, only use found links and hints. (note: without ending colon) -hintnobracket used to make the bot strip everything in last brackets, and surrounding spaces from the page name, before it is used in a -hint:xy: where the page name has been left out, or -hint:all:, -hint:10:, etc. without a name, or an -askhint reply, where only a language is given.
These arguments define how much user confirmation is required:
-autonomous run automatically, do not ask any questions. If a question -auto to an operator is needed, write the name of the page to autonomous_problems.dat and continue on the next page. (note: without ending colon) -confirm ask for confirmation before any page is changed on the live wiki. Without this argument, additions and unambiguous modifications are made without confirmation. (note: without ending colon) -force do not ask permission to make "controversial" changes, like removing a language because none of the found alternatives actually exists. (note: without ending colon) -cleanup like -force but only removes interwiki links to non-existent or empty pages. -select ask for each link whether it should be included before changing any page. This is useful if you want to remove invalid interwiki links and if you do multiple hints of which some might be correct and others incorrect. Combining -select and -confirm is possible, but seems like overkill. (note: without ending colon)
These arguments specify in which way the bot should follow interwiki links:
-noredirect do not follow redirects nor category redirects. (note: without ending colon) -initialredirect work on its target if a redirect or category redirect is entered on the command line or by a generator (note: without ending colon). It is recommended to use this option with the -movelog pagegenerator. -neverlink: used as -neverlink:xx where xx is a language code:: Disregard any links found to language xx. You can also specify a list of languages to disregard, separated by commas. -ignore: used as -ignore:xx:aaa where xx is a language code, and aaa is a page title to be ignored. -ignorefile: similar to -ignore, except that the pages are taken from the given file instead of the command line. -localright do not follow interwiki links from other pages than the starting page. (Warning! Should be used very sparingly, only when you are sure you have first gotten the interwiki links on the starting page exactly right). (note: without ending colon) -hintsareright do not follow interwiki links to sites for which hints on existing pages are given. Note that, hints given interactively, via the -askhint command line option, are only effective once they have been entered, thus interwiki links on the starting page are followed regardess of hints given when prompted. (Warning! Should be used with caution!) (note: without ending colon) -back only work on pages that have no backlink from any other language; if a backlink is found, all work on the page will be halted. (note: without ending colon)
The following arguments are only important for users who have accounts for multiple languages, and specify on which sites the bot should modify pages:
-localonly only work on the local wiki, not on other wikis in the family I have a login at. (note: without ending colon) -limittwo only update two pages - one in the local wiki (if logged-in) and one in the top available one. For example, if the local page has links to de and fr, this option will make sure that only the local site and the de: (larger) sites are updated. This option is useful to quickly set two way links without updating all of the wiki families sites. (note: without ending colon) -whenneeded works like limittwo, but other languages are changed in the following cases:: * If there are no interwiki links at all on the page * If an interwiki link must be removed * If an interwiki link must be changed and there has been a conflict for this page Optionally, -whenneeded can be given an additional number (for example -whenneeded:3), in which case other languages will be changed if there are that number or more links to change or add. (note: without ending colon)
The following arguments influence how many pages the bot works on at once:
-array: The number of pages the bot tries to be working on at once. If the number of pages loaded is lower than this number, a new set of pages is loaded from the starting wiki. The default is 100, but can be changed in the config variable interwiki_min_subjects -query: The maximum number of pages that the bot will load at once. Default value is 50.
Some configuration option can be used to change the working of this bot:
interwiki_min_subjects: the minimum amount of subjects that should be processed at the same time. interwiki_backlink: if set to True, all problems in foreign wikis will be reported interwiki_shownew: should interwiki.py display every new link it discovers? interwiki_graph: output a graph PNG file on conflicts? You need pydot for this: https://pypi.org/project/pydot/ interwiki_graph_format: the file format for interwiki graphs without_interwiki: save file with local articles without interwikis
All these options can be changed through the user configuration file.
If interwiki.py is terminated before it is finished, it will write a dump file to the interwiki-dumps subdirectory. The program will read it if invoked with the “-restore” or “-continue” option, and finish all the subjects in that list. After finishing the dump file will be deleted. To run the interwiki-bot on all pages on a language, run it with option “-start:!”, and if it takes so long that you have to break it off, use “-continue” next time.
Script to resolve double redirects, and to delete broken redirects
Requires access to MediaWiki’s maintenance pages or to a XML dump file. Delete function requires adminship.
python pwb.py redirect action [-arguments ...]
where action can be one of these
Shortcut: do. Fix redirects which point to other redirects.
Shortcut: br. Tries to fix redirect which point to nowhere by using the last moved target of the destination page. If this fails and the -delete option is set, it either deletes the page or marks it for deletion depending on whether the account has admin rights. It will mark the redirect not for deletion if there is no speedy deletion template available.
Both of the above. Retrieves redirect pages from live wiki, not from a special page.
and arguments can be:
-xml Retrieve information from a local XML dump (https://dumps.wikimedia.org). Argument can also be given as "-xml:filename.xml". Cannot be used with -fullscan or -moves. -fullscan Retrieve redirect pages from live wiki, not from a special page Cannot be used with -xml. -moves Use the page move log to find double-redirect candidates. Only works with action "double", does not work with -xml. NOTE: You may use only one of these options above. If neither of -xml -fullscan -moves is given, info will be loaded from a special page of the live wiki. -offset:n With -moves, the number of hours ago to start scanning moved pages. With -xml, the number of the redirect to restart with (see progress). Otherwise, ignored. -start:title The starting page title in each namespace. Page need not exist. -until:title The possible last page title in each namespace. Page needs not exist. -limit:n The maximum count of redirects to work upon. If omitted, there is no limit. -delete Prompt the user whether broken redirects should be deleted (or marked for deletion if the account has no admin rights) instead of just skipping them. -sdtemplate:x Add the speedy deletion template string including brackets. This enables overriding the default template via i18n or to enable speedy deletion for projects other than Wikipedias. -always Don't prompt you for each replacement.
Furthermore the following options are provided:
This script supports use of